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Article

Damage Characterization of Rock Slopes

1
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 2628CN Delft, The Netherlands
2
Department of Coastal Structures and Waves, Deltares, 2629HV Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7010010
Received: 5 December 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Coastlab18 Conference)
In order to design reliable coastal structures, for present and future scenarios, universal and precise damage assessment methods are required. This study addresses this need, and presents improved damage characterization methods for coastal structures with rock armored slopes. The data used in this study were obtained from a test campaign carried out at Deltares within the European Union (EU) Hydralab+ framework. During these tests, advanced measuring techniques (digital stereo photography) were used, which are able to survey the full extension of the structure and identify local variations of damage. The damage characterization method proposed here is based on three fundamental aspects: clear damage concepts, precise damage parameters, and high resolution measuring techniques. Regarding damage concepts, first, the importance of the characterization width is studied. For damage parameters obtained from the maximum erosion depth observed in a given width (E3D,m), the measured damage increases continuously with increased characterization width. However, for damage parameters obtained from width-averaged profiles (S and E2D), the measured damage reduces with increased characterization width. Second, a new definition of damage limits (damage initiation, intermediate damage, and failure) is presented and calibrated. Regarding the damage parameters, the parameter E3D,5, which describes the maximum erosion depth within the characterization width, is recommended as a robust damage parameter for conventional and non-conventional configurations based on four main characteristics: its low bias, its low random error, the ability to distinguish damage levels, and its validity and suitability for all types of structures (conventional and non-conventional). In addition, the results from this study show that the damage measured with the damage parameter E3D,5 presents an extreme value distribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: rock slopes; damage characterization; damage parameters; physical model tests rock slopes; damage characterization; damage parameters; physical model tests
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Almeida, E.; van Gent, M.R.A.; Hofland, B. Damage Characterization of Rock Slopes. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7010010

AMA Style

de Almeida E, van Gent MRA, Hofland B. Damage Characterization of Rock Slopes. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2019; 7(1):10. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7010010

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Almeida, Ermano, Marcel R.A. van Gent, and Bas Hofland. 2019. "Damage Characterization of Rock Slopes" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 7, no. 1: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7010010

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