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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(4), 137; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6040137

Water Quality Model Calibration via a Full-Factorial Analysis of Algal Growth Kinetic Parameters

1
Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
2
WK Dickson & Co., Inc., Charlotte, NC 28205, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 October 2018 / Revised: 5 November 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 12 November 2018
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Abstract

The two-dimensional, laterally-averaged mechanistic eutrophication model CE-QUAL-W2 version 3.72 was used to predict chlorophyll-a concentrations across two different time periods in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina. Chlorophyll calibration was performed for two time periods simultaneously by performing a full-factorial experiment that tested seven algal kinetic growth parameters over three levels for a single algal group. A cluster of up to six computers each running between two and ten instances of the program was used to complete and manage the data for 2187 runs for each period. Six numeric criteria were used to determine which runs performed acceptably, yielding a group of 27 cases that met all of the criteria. Calibration performance of the set of cases outperformed a previously calibrated model using three algal groups that met only four of the six selection criteria. Calibration performed this way allowed for a more rational specification of model calibration performance and provided uncertainty estimates of model predictions, albeit at the cost of a considerable increase in computational requirements that necessitated the use of a computer cluster. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; model calibration; estuary; eutrophication; CE-QUAL-W2; phytoplankton; algal growth kinetics water quality; model calibration; estuary; eutrophication; CE-QUAL-W2; phytoplankton; algal growth kinetics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bowen, J.D.; Harrigan, N.B. Water Quality Model Calibration via a Full-Factorial Analysis of Algal Growth Kinetic Parameters. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 137.

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