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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Climate Change Impacts on Future Wave Climate around the UK

1
Zienkiewicz Centre for Computational Engineering, College of Engineering, Bay Campus, Swansea University, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, UK
2
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Uji Campus, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dong-Sheng Jeng
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4(4), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse4040078
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 25 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 18 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling Waves in Coasts and Estuaries)
Understanding the changes in future storm wave climate is crucial for coastal managers and planners to make informed decisions required for sustainable coastal management and for the renewable energy industry. To investigate potential future changes to storm climate around the UK, global wave model outputs of two time slice experiments were analysed with 1979–2009 representing present conditions and 2075–2100 representing the future climate. Three WaveNet buoy sites around the United Kingdom, which represent diverse site conditions and have long datasets, were chosen for this study. A storm event definition (Dissanayake et al., 2015) was used to separate meteorologically-independent storm events from wave data, which in turn allowed storm wave characteristics to be analysed. Model outputs were validated through a comparison of the modelled storm data with observed storm data for overlapping periods. Although no consistent trends across all future clusters were observed, there were no significant increases in storm wave height, storm count or storm power in the future, at least according to the global wave projection results provided by the chosen model. View Full-Text
Keywords: storm wave height; global warming; global wave modelling; wave forecasting; coastal flooding storm wave height; global warming; global wave modelling; wave forecasting; coastal flooding
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Bennett, W.G.; Karunarathna, H.; Mori, N.; Reeve, D.E. Climate Change Impacts on Future Wave Climate around the UK. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4, 78.

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