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Open AccessTechnical Note

Assessing Topsoil Movement in Rotary Harrowing Process by RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) Technique

Department TESAF, University of Padova, viale dell’Università, 16, I-35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy
Agricultural Engineering Research Institute (AEnRI), Agricultural Research Centre, Giza 12619, Egypt
Faculty of Engineering, Universidad Austral de Chile, Campus Miraflores, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
Universidad Austral de Chile, RINA–Natural and Anthropogenic Risks Research Center, Campus Miraflores, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(8), 184;
Received: 1 July 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors Application in Agriculture)
Harrowing is a process that reduces the size of soil clods and prepares the field for seeding. Rotary harrows are a common piece of equipment in North Italy that consists of teeth rotating around a vertical axis with a processing depth of 5–15 cm. In this study, the topsoil movement in terms of distance and direction were estimated at different rotary harrow working conditions. A total of eight tests was performed using two forward speeds of 1 and 3 km/h, two working depths of 6 and 10 cm and two levelling bar positions of 0 and 10 cm from the ground. In order to simulate and follow topsoil movement, Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) tags were inserted into cork stoppers and distributed in a regular pattern over the soil. Tags were distributed in six lines along the working width and repeated in three rows for each test: a total number of 144 tags was tracked. Results showed that there were no significant differences between the performed tests, on the other hand the reported tests highlight the effectiveness of the RFID monitoring approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: rotary harrow; secondary tillage; soil erosion; RFID rotary harrow; secondary tillage; soil erosion; RFID
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Kayad, A.; Rainato, R.; Picco, L.; Sartori, L.; Marinello, F. Assessing Topsoil Movement in Rotary Harrowing Process by RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) Technique. Agriculture 2019, 9, 184.

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