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Dynamics of Farming Systems under the Context of Coastal Zone Development: The Case of Xuan Thuy National Park, Vietnam

1
Economics & Rural Development, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
2
Faculty of Accounting and Business Management, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(7), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9070138
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 26 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
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Abstract

The study was conducted in Xuan Thuy National Park to provide a comparative assessment of different farming systems under the context of the coastal zone development of Vietnam. Based on a sample of 234 farmers in this area, SCP (Structure–Conduct–Performance) analysis revealed three farming systems: integrated aquaculture–mangrove (IAM), intensive shrimp (ISH), and rice-based (RB) farming. The evaluation of farm performance among the systems indicated that ISH incurred the highest values of variable cost and sustainable family income. Meanwhile, IAM obtained the lowest production cost due to the availability of allocated natural resources. The imbalance of applying synthesized fertilizers and an overdependence on nitro-based fertilizers were reported in the case of RB systems. In comparison with the other coastal areas of Vietnam, these farming systems achieved a lower level of production efficiency. It is urgent for policy makers to take action to promote sustainable farming practices in accordance with the stringent enforcement of environmental standards to reduce potential impacts and strengthen the coexistence of systems. Additionally, the purpose of securing rural livelihood under coastal development is aligned with the recommended solutions for economic improvement in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: dynamics of farming systems; coastal zone; intensive shrimp; integrated aquaculture-mangrove; rice-based; Xuan Thuy National Park; Vietnam dynamics of farming systems; coastal zone; intensive shrimp; integrated aquaculture-mangrove; rice-based; Xuan Thuy National Park; Vietnam
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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NGUYEN, T.T.N.; TRAN, H.C.; HO, T.M.H.; BURNY, P.; LEBAILLY, P. Dynamics of Farming Systems under the Context of Coastal Zone Development: The Case of Xuan Thuy National Park, Vietnam. Agriculture 2019, 9, 138.

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