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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Yield and Quality of Jalapeño Pepper Fruit (Capsicum annuum L.)

1
Institutional Posgraduate Program in Agriculture and Forest Science (DICAF), Juárez de Durango State University (UJED), Constitución 404 Sur, Centro, Durango 34000, Dgo, Mexico
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La Laguna Experimental Station, INIFAP, Matamoros 27440, Coahuila, Mexico
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Posgraduate and Research Department, Technological Institute of Torréon (ITT), Torreón 27170, Coahuila, Mexico
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Agriculture and Zootechnics Faculty, Juárez de Durango State University, Ejido Venecia, Tlahualilo Km 35, Gómez Palacio 35111, Dgo, Mexico
5
Center for Biological Research of Northwest Mexico, La Paz 23060, BCS, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(10), 208; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9100208
Received: 30 August 2019 / Revised: 15 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 21 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composting and Organic Soil Amendments)
Organic fertilizers were evaluated on jalapeno pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and on their effect on the soil content of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), electrical conductivity (EC), pH and organic matter (OM), at the Experimental Station of the Agriculture and Zootechnics Faculty (FAZ-UJED), Ejido Venecia, Durango, México. The assayed experimental fertilizers were vermicompost (VC) with 0 and 3 Mg ha−1, in factorial combination with solarized manure (SM), with 0, 40, 80, and 120 Mg ha−1, and an inorganic fertilization nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (NPK) at 150–100–00 Mg ha−1. Microbiological analyses were performed to evaluate the presence of Salmonella spp. The highest yield was 56.2 Mg ha−1 with 120 Mg ha−1 SM, which was statistically similar to 40 and 80 Mg ha−1; the highest P content (70.7 mg kg−1) and OM (3.7%) occurred with 120 Mg ha−1 SM. The inorganic fertilizer reflected the lowest OM (1.1%). Nutrients provided by SM were sufficient to satisfy the crop needs. Values of pH, EC and N were not affected by SM. The fruit quality was not affected by the organic fertilizers. Most fruits were classified as Second-Class Quality (60%), followed by First-Class Quality (25%). Microbiological analyses were negative for Salmonella spp., suggesting that the SM is effective in its elimination. View Full-Text
Keywords: manure; vermicompost; solarized manure; jalapeno pepper; jalapeno fruit; food safety manure; vermicompost; solarized manure; jalapeno pepper; jalapeno fruit; food safety
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Valenzuela-García, A.A.; Figueroa-Viramontes, U.; Salazar-Sosa, E.; Orona-Castillo, I.; Gallegos-Robles, M.Á.; García-Hernández, J.L.; Troyo-Diéguez, E. Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Yield and Quality of Jalapeño Pepper Fruit (Capsicum annuum L.). Agriculture 2019, 9, 208.

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