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Agriculture 2018, 8(9), 131; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8090131

The Economic Reality of Underutilised Crops for Climate Resilience, Food Security and Nutrition: Assessing Finger Millet Productivity in India

1
Department of Socio-Economic Sciences, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Ackerstrasse 113, 5070 Frick, Switzerland
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Bangalore 560 065, India
3
National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM), Rajendranagar, Hyderabad 500 030, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 27 August 2018
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Abstract

In spite of the considerable potential contribution of neglected and underutilised crops to climate resilience, food security and nutrition; widespread adoption of these crops remains a challenge. Uptake is inhibited by poor economic performance due to low yields, compounded further by various social factors. Using farm survey data and aggregated time-series data from four states in southern India, this study examines factors influencing productivity in finger millet cultivation. A farm-level yield gap analysis is complemented by an analysis of total factor productivity (TFP) growth between 1999 and 2014 to better understand the role of research and innovation. Results suggest that there is considerable potential for improved growing practices to achieve better yields, but also education levels and technical support emerge as crucial factors for boosting finger millet productivity. The TFP analysis indicates a moderate level of growth, with a high variability and conflicting trends between states, suggesting a need to invest more in research and development, extension and infrastructure. Sustained productivity gains will require research efforts that respond to the needs expressed by farmers and that finger millet forms part of an overall strategy for sustainable intensification. View Full-Text
Keywords: finger millet; total factor productivity; tornqvist-theil index; yield gap analysis finger millet; total factor productivity; tornqvist-theil index; yield gap analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Grovermann, C.; Umesh, K.B.; Quiédeville, S.; Kumar, B.G.; S., S.; Moakes, S. The Economic Reality of Underutilised Crops for Climate Resilience, Food Security and Nutrition: Assessing Finger Millet Productivity in India. Agriculture 2018, 8, 131.

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