Next Article in Journal
Effectiveness of Organic Wastes as Fertilizers and Amendments in Salt-Affected Soils
Next Article in Special Issue
Finding Ways to Improve Australia’s Food Security Situation
Previous Article in Journal
Emerging Perspectives on the Natural Microbiome of Fresh Produce Vegetables
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Next Generation Feedstock of Biofuel: Jatropha or Chlorella as Assessed by Their Life-Cycle Inventories
Open AccessArticle

Achieving Water and Food Security in 2050: Outlook, Policies, and Investments

P.O. Box 2629, Bloomington, IN 47402, USA
Academic Editor: Stephen J. Herbert
Agriculture 2015, 5(2), 188-220;
Received: 15 March 2015 / Revised: 7 April 2015 / Accepted: 11 April 2015 / Published: 22 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture)
Food production in 2050 will be sufficient, globally, but many of the poor will remain food insecure. The primary cause of food insecurity will continue to be poverty, rather than inadequate food production. Thus, policies and investments that increase the incomes of the poor will remain the best ways to extend food security to all. Investments that promote growth in sustainable agriculture and provide non-farm employment opportunities in rural areas of lower income countries will be most helpful. There will be sufficient water, globally, to achieve food production goals and sustain rural and urban livelihoods, if we allocate and manage the resource wisely. Yet, water shortages will constrain agricultural production and limit incomes and livelihood opportunities in many areas. Policies and investments are needed to extend and ensure access to water for household use and agricultural production. Challenges requiring the attention of policy makers and investors include increasing urbanization and increasing demands for land and water resources. Policy makers must ensure that farmers retain access to the water they need for producing food and sustaining livelihoods, and they must create greater opportunities for women in agriculture. They must also motivate investments in new technologies that will enhance crop and livestock production, particularly for smallholders, and encourage the private sector to invest in activities that create employment opportunities in rural areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; livelihoods; poverty; smallholders; sustainability; women agriculture; livelihoods; poverty; smallholders; sustainability; women
MDPI and ACS Style

Wichelns, D. Achieving Water and Food Security in 2050: Outlook, Policies, and Investments. Agriculture 2015, 5, 188-220.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop