Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Different Water Use Efficiency Calculations for Dominant Forage Crops in the Great Lakes Basin
Next Article in Special Issue
Gastric Lesions in Culled Sows: An Underestimated Welfare Issue in Modern Swine Production
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Maize Seed Productivity in Mexico between 1983 and 2018 with the Adoption of Genetically Modified Maize and the Resilience of Local Races
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Dietary Risk Factors of Gastric Ulcers in Finishing Pigs from 16 Polish Farms
Review

Emergence of African Swine Fever in Poland (2014–2021). Successes and Failures in Disease Eradication

1
Department of Diagnostics and Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Biological and Veterinary Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Lwowska 1 Street, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
2
University Center of Veterinary Medicine JU-AU, Institute of Veterinary Sciences, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
3
Center of Translational Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Street 100, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nikola Puvača
Agriculture 2021, 11(8), 738; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11080738
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 2 August 2021 / Published: 3 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Swine Diseases: Prevention, Control and Food Safety)
African swine fever (ASF) in Poland has been a major concern for pig production for the last seven years. The main constrains in ASF eradication in Poland are due to the high density of wild boar in ASF-affected areas of the country. Other factors, responsible for long-distance ASF spread to new regions of the country, are mainly related to human-mediated activity and lack of awareness of the potential disease threat to pig production. In the case of pig holdings, the only effective measure of ASF prevention is strict implementation of biosecurity rules. Despite many efforts to implement these measures, the disease occurred in a number of voivodeships, poviats and counties of Poland, primarily in eastern Poland; however, starting from 2019, also in the western part of the country. Further recommendations to eradicate ASF in Poland or at least to minimize the economic loss caused by ASF in pig production include effective wild boar population management strategies along with the implementation of strict biosecurity measures. The observations from the last seven years of ASF epizootic in Poland clearly indicate that the disease could not have been effectively controlled in wild boar population and could only be restricted in domestic pig population following severe biosecurity rules. As for ASF spread control in wild boar population, the measures applied in other EU countries include active wild boar carcass search and disposal along with sanitary and reduction hunting. These measures have also been shown non-effective. The only solution for future sustainable pig production in Poland seems to be strict collaboration between pig producers, veterinary inspection, and hunting associations. View Full-Text
Keywords: African swine fever; wild boar; pig production; eradication measures; biosecurity African swine fever; wild boar; pig production; eradication measures; biosecurity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Woźniakowski, G.; Pejsak, Z.; Jabłoński, A. Emergence of African Swine Fever in Poland (2014–2021). Successes and Failures in Disease Eradication. Agriculture 2021, 11, 738. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11080738

AMA Style

Woźniakowski G, Pejsak Z, Jabłoński A. Emergence of African Swine Fever in Poland (2014–2021). Successes and Failures in Disease Eradication. Agriculture. 2021; 11(8):738. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11080738

Chicago/Turabian Style

Woźniakowski, Grzegorz, Zygmunt Pejsak, and Artur Jabłoński. 2021. "Emergence of African Swine Fever in Poland (2014–2021). Successes and Failures in Disease Eradication" Agriculture 11, no. 8: 738. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11080738

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop