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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Myco-Biocontrol Based Formulates on Yield, Physiology and Secondary Products of Organically Grown Basil

1
Department of Horticulture, “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3 M. Sadoveanu, 700440 Iasi, Romania
2
Research and Development Station for Aquaculture and Aquatic Ecology, Integrated Center of Environmental Science Studies in the North East Region, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Carol I Blvd, 700506 Iasi, Romania
3
Department of Crop and Soil Science, Oregon State University, 3050 SW Campus Way, 109 Crop Science Building, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
4
Plant Genetic Research Group, AgroBioInstitute, Agricultural Academy, 8 Dragan Tsankov Blvd., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria
5
Agricultural Research and Development Station, 377 Principala Street, 617415 Secuieni Neamt, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mumtaz Cheema, Gianluca Caruso and László Baranyai
Agriculture 2021, 11(2), 180; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020180
Received: 30 January 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
The development of organic farming as a result of increasing consumer preference for organic food has led to the development and registration of new pest-control products for certified organic production. In this study, the effects of three biocontrol products containing spores and mycelium of Arthrobotrys oligospora—Artis®, Beauveria bassiana—Bora®, and Coniothyrium minitans—Öko-ni® were tested on four basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivars: ‘Aromat de Buzau’, ‘Serafim’, ‘Macedon’ and ‘Cuisoare’. The application of Öko-ni® increased basil yields by 8% relative to Control. The application of Bora® increased chlorophyll content of basil leaves by 2% and the activity of photosynthesis by 66% relative to the Control. Basil essential oil (EO) content was increased by 18% with the application of Artis® and by 34% with the application of Bora® and Öko-ni®, respectively. The content of phenolic compounds analyzed by HPLC varied; caffeic acid concentration was higher in the plants treated with Öko-ni®, hyperoside, isoquercitrin and rutin concentrations were higher in those treated with Artis®, while the quercitrin content was higher in Bora®-treated plants. The two main EO constituents that were identified were linalool and methyl chavicol in ‘Aromat de Buzau’, linalool and eugenol in ‘Serafim’, neral and geranial in ‘Macedon’, also linalool and eugenol in ‘Cuisoare’. The investigated myco-biocontrol products had positive effects on basil fresh biomass and EO content and also influenced the content of phenolic compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ocimum basilicum L.; organic farming; biocontrol; yield; physiology; phenolic compounds; essential oils Ocimum basilicum L.; organic farming; biocontrol; yield; physiology; phenolic compounds; essential oils
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MDPI and ACS Style

Teliban, G.-C.; Burducea, M.; Zheljazkov, V.D.; Dincheva, I.; Badjakov, I.; Munteanu, N.; Mihalache, G.; Cojocaru, A.; Popa, L.-D.; Stoleru, V. The Effect of Myco-Biocontrol Based Formulates on Yield, Physiology and Secondary Products of Organically Grown Basil. Agriculture 2021, 11, 180. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020180

AMA Style

Teliban G-C, Burducea M, Zheljazkov VD, Dincheva I, Badjakov I, Munteanu N, Mihalache G, Cojocaru A, Popa L-D, Stoleru V. The Effect of Myco-Biocontrol Based Formulates on Yield, Physiology and Secondary Products of Organically Grown Basil. Agriculture. 2021; 11(2):180. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020180

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teliban, Gabriel-Ciprian; Burducea, Marian; Zheljazkov, Valtcho D.; Dincheva, Ivayla; Badjakov, Ilian; Munteanu, Neculai; Mihalache, Gabriela; Cojocaru, Alexandru; Popa, Lorena-Diana; Stoleru, Vasile. 2021. "The Effect of Myco-Biocontrol Based Formulates on Yield, Physiology and Secondary Products of Organically Grown Basil" Agriculture 11, no. 2: 180. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11020180

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