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Functional Characteristics and Molecular Identification of Interspecific Hybrids from Genus Capsicum

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Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Bydgoszcz University of Science and Technology, Prof. S. Kaliskiego 7 Street, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Bydgoszcz University of Science and Technology, Bernardyńska 6/8 Street, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Doctorate School, Bydgoszcz University of Science and Technology, Prof. S. Kaliskiego 7 Street, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Justyna Cybulska
Agriculture 2021, 11(12), 1198; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11121198
Received: 6 October 2021 / Revised: 22 November 2021 / Accepted: 24 November 2021 / Published: 27 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Genotype Evaluation and Breeding)
The taxonomy of the genus Capsicum has distinguished more than twenty species of peppers with only C. annuum L. being a vegetable of economic importance. The remaining species can, however, be used in breeding via interspecies hybridization as a source of valuable functional traits. The aim of the study was to obtain interspecific hybrids of peppers with increased agronomic potential and their molecular identification. Based on their agromorphological characteristics, the obtained hybrids (‘Anchi’ × C. frutescens L.)F1 and (‘Anchi’ × C. baccatum var. pendulum)F1 formed fruits that had the combined functional traits typical of the cultivar ‘Anchi’, with a high content of soluble solids and dry matter characteristic of pollinators. To identify hybrids and their parental forms, the random amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR-RAPD) and inter simple sequence repeat polymerase chain reaction (PCR-ISSR) techniques were used. The polymorphic products obtained in both methods totalled 65% and 59%, respectively, and they allowed for the identification of all tested genotypes, excluded the possibility of self-pollination of ‘Anchi’ plants, and confirmed the hybrid characteristics of the crossbreed (‘Anchi’ × C. frutescens L.)F1. View Full-Text
Keywords: PCR-RAPD method; PCR-ISSR method; agromorphological traits; C. baccatum var. pendulum; C. frutescens L.; C. chinense Jacq. PCR-RAPD method; PCR-ISSR method; agromorphological traits; C. baccatum var. pendulum; C. frutescens L.; C. chinense Jacq.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olszewska, D.; Tomaszewska-Sowa, M.; Witkowska, E.; Litewka, J. Functional Characteristics and Molecular Identification of Interspecific Hybrids from Genus Capsicum. Agriculture 2021, 11, 1198. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11121198

AMA Style

Olszewska D, Tomaszewska-Sowa M, Witkowska E, Litewka J. Functional Characteristics and Molecular Identification of Interspecific Hybrids from Genus Capsicum. Agriculture. 2021; 11(12):1198. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11121198

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olszewska, Dorota, Magdalena Tomaszewska-Sowa, Emilia Witkowska, and Jakub Litewka. 2021. "Functional Characteristics and Molecular Identification of Interspecific Hybrids from Genus Capsicum" Agriculture 11, no. 12: 1198. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11121198

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