Next Article in Journal
The Use of Municipal Solid Waste Compost in Combination with Proper Irrigation Scheduling Influences the Productivity, Microbial Activity and Water Use Efficiency of Direct Seeded Rice
Next Article in Special Issue
Physiological Screening for Drought Tolerance Traits in Vegetable Amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) Germplasm
Previous Article in Journal
Productive Performance, Carcass Traits, and Meat Quality in Finishing Lambs Supplemented with a Polyherbal Mixture
Previous Article in Special Issue
Drought Stress Study on Nicotiana tabacum L., “Baladi”, an In Vitro Experimental Model
Article

Influence of Wild Relative Rootstocks on Eggplant Growth, Yield and Fruit Physicochemical Properties under Open Field Conditions

1
Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe 771103, Nigeria
3
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
4
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
5
Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rachael Symonds
Agriculture 2021, 11(10), 943; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11100943
Received: 21 July 2021 / Revised: 31 August 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
Eggplant is an essential vegetable crop that is rich in health-related compounds, and the content of these compounds can be increased through grafting. It was reported that grafting with vigorous wild relatives’ rootstocks can improve eggplant’s fruit quality. The study was conducted to investigate the fruit yield, composition and physicochemical traits of Solanum melongena ME, CE, NE and TE scions grafted on wild relatives’ rootstocks of ST, SM and SI. The results show that a notable graft success (100%) was recorded in grafted (TE/ST) and self-grafted (TE/TE) plants using the cleft technique. Growth and yield traits indicated that CE and TE scions grafted onto ST, SM and SI showed better performance in all of the traits mentioned above in an open field across two years, except first flower formation which was displayed on non-grafted CE. In all the rootstocks studied—ST, SM and SI—there was no noticeable effect on carbohydrate, fibre, ash, pH and dry matter content. There was a notable effect of grafting ME/ST, CE/ST, ME/SM, CE/SI, ME/SI, ME/SI and NE/SM on the fruit length, fruit width, total soluble solids, fruit firmness and fat and protein content, respectively. Furthermore, antioxidants such as DPPH (ME/SM), total flavonoids (NE/SM) and total phenolics (TE/SI) had remarkable content of the above-mentioned physicochemical properties. Results show that ST, SM and SI represent a viable rootstock alternative to Solanum melongena or Solanum lycopersicum production. View Full-Text
Keywords: wild eggplant relatives; grafting; scion/rootstock combination; vigour; yield; composition; physicochemical wild eggplant relatives; grafting; scion/rootstock combination; vigour; yield; composition; physicochemical
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Musa, I.; Rafii, M.Y.; Ahmad, K.; Ramlee, S.I.; Md Hatta, M.A.; Magaji, U.; Muhammad, I.; Chukwu, S.C.; Mat Sulaiman, N.N. Influence of Wild Relative Rootstocks on Eggplant Growth, Yield and Fruit Physicochemical Properties under Open Field Conditions. Agriculture 2021, 11, 943. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11100943

AMA Style

Musa I, Rafii MY, Ahmad K, Ramlee SI, Md Hatta MA, Magaji U, Muhammad I, Chukwu SC, Mat Sulaiman NN. Influence of Wild Relative Rootstocks on Eggplant Growth, Yield and Fruit Physicochemical Properties under Open Field Conditions. Agriculture. 2021; 11(10):943. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11100943

Chicago/Turabian Style

Musa, Ibrahim, Mohd Y. Rafii, Khairulmazmi Ahmad, Shairul I. Ramlee, Muhammad A. Md Hatta, Usman Magaji, Isma’ila Muhammad, Samuel C. Chukwu, and Nur N. Mat Sulaiman. 2021. "Influence of Wild Relative Rootstocks on Eggplant Growth, Yield and Fruit Physicochemical Properties under Open Field Conditions" Agriculture 11, no. 10: 943. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11100943

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop