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Open AccessArticle

Scenario Planning for Climate Adaptation in Agricultural Systems

1
Department of Community Sustainability, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
2
Department of Agriculture (Agricultural Economics and Extension Programme), Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Ebonyi State, Ikwo 482131, Nigeria
3
Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt 500272, Nigeria
4
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 410001, Nigeria
5
Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(7), 274; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10070274
Received: 13 May 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 7 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture)
Effective climate adaptation in sub-Saharan African agriculture will require coordination across multiple scales of governance. Decision-makers from local to national scales will be tasked with planning under conditions of high uncertainty, often with minimal data. Participatory scenario planning is a method for devising adaptation strategies under high uncertainty, and we hypothesized that it could also be used for identifying systemic, inclusive, and transformative adaptation options at the community scale, and for highlighting opportunities for cross-scalar collaboration. We conducted scenario exercises with two communities in southeastern Nigeria that have experienced increasing flooding and other challenges linked to climate variability. Both communities identified drivers of change that intersect with climate, as well as community-scale actions that would improve adaptation to a range of future scenarios. We found evidence that scenario exercises can stimulate communities to develop transformative approaches to climate adaptation that seek to reduce climate risk by creating new systems and processes. We also found that community-identified priorities for strategic action highlight how larger-scale interventions could coordinate with communities to adapt more effectively. Participatory scenario planning is therefore a potentially important tool for adaptation planning in regions in which future conditions are highly uncertain. View Full-Text
Keywords: scenarios; climate change; adaptation; community; governance scenarios; climate change; adaptation; community; governance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schmitt Olabisi, L.; Ugochukwu Onyeneke, R.; Prince Choko, O.; Nwawulu Chiemela, S.; Liverpool-Tasie, L.S.O.; Ifeyinwa Achike, A.; Ayo Aiyeloja, A. Scenario Planning for Climate Adaptation in Agricultural Systems. Agriculture 2020, 10, 274. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10070274

AMA Style

Schmitt Olabisi L, Ugochukwu Onyeneke R, Prince Choko O, Nwawulu Chiemela S, Liverpool-Tasie LSO, Ifeyinwa Achike A, Ayo Aiyeloja A. Scenario Planning for Climate Adaptation in Agricultural Systems. Agriculture. 2020; 10(7):274. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10070274

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmitt Olabisi, Laura; Ugochukwu Onyeneke, Robert; Prince Choko, Onyinye; Nwawulu Chiemela, Stella; Liverpool-Tasie, Lenis S.O.; Ifeyinwa Achike, Anthonia; Ayo Aiyeloja, Adedapo. 2020. "Scenario Planning for Climate Adaptation in Agricultural Systems" Agriculture 10, no. 7: 274. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10070274

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