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Open AccessArticle

Clinical Features Associated with Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Pilot Longitudinal Study

1
Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 2C4, Canada
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada
3
Department of Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychosomatics, Dexeus University Hospital, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproduction, Dexeus University Hospital, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
5
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, 26006 La Rioja, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(8), 2340; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082340
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 16 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 22 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sexuality and Sexual Dysfunctions)
(1) Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is associated with physical and psychological complications. However, there is scarce literature on how women with FGM/C respond to treatment interventions. (2) Methods: In the present pilot longitudinal study, we assessed changes in general psychopathology (Symptom Check List-90-R), sexual functioning and distress (Female Sexual Function Index, Female Sexual Distress Scale-Revised, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) female sexual dysfunction criteria), body image (Body Shape Questionnaire), and sexual body image (Female Genital Self-Image Scale) in a sample of n = 15 women with FGM/C before and after reconstructive surgery. (3) Results: Sexual distress was significantly improved following surgery. We also observed an improvement in general psychopathology and genital self-image. However, sexual function was not improved. (4) Conclusions: These results provide evidence for the benefits of reconstructive surgery on sexual distress in women with FGM/C. The impact of surgery on sexual function cannot be conclusively evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: female genital mutilation/cutting; body image; genital self-image; female sexual function; psychopathology; clitoral reconstruction female genital mutilation/cutting; body image; genital self-image; female sexual function; psychopathology; clitoral reconstruction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paslakis, G.; Farré, J.M.; Tolosa-Sola, I.; Palazón-Llecha, A.; Domínguez-Cagnon, H.; Jiménez, M.; Martínez Rosselló, B.; Barri-Soldevila, P.; Mestre-Bach, G. Clinical Features Associated with Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Pilot Longitudinal Study. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082340

AMA Style

Paslakis G, Farré JM, Tolosa-Sola I, Palazón-Llecha A, Domínguez-Cagnon H, Jiménez M, Martínez Rosselló B, Barri-Soldevila P, Mestre-Bach G. Clinical Features Associated with Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Pilot Longitudinal Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(8):2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082340

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paslakis, Georgios; Farré, Josep M.; Tolosa-Sola, Iris; Palazón-Llecha, Alba; Domínguez-Cagnon, Helena; Jiménez, Maria; Martínez Rosselló, Berta; Barri-Soldevila, Pere; Mestre-Bach, Gemma. 2020. "Clinical Features Associated with Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Pilot Longitudinal Study" J. Clin. Med. 9, no. 8: 2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082340

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