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Review

The Impact of Marijuana on the Cardiovascular System: A Review of the Most Common Cardiovascular Events Associated with Marijuana Use

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
2
Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 910 Madison Ave, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(6), 1925; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061925
Received: 24 April 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Cardiology)
With the expanded legalization of marijuana, its medical and recreational use have sharply increased over the past decade. A wide array of new forms of cannabis is available on the market today, and the potencies are ten times those of forms previously tested, meaning that the true impact of marijuana on the cardiovascular system remains unclear. Cannabis mainly exerts its effects via the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, with different doses affecting different cannabinoids receptors. Studies have shown that marijuana plays a role in thrombosis, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. Case reports have linked marijuana use to myocardial infarction, cardiac arrythmias, cardiomyopathies, stroke, and arteritis. Most patients are young, healthy men with no cardiovascular risk factors; however, the patient population is expected to change to include older individuals in the future. The widespread public perception of safety accompanying marijuana use has contributed to its increased use among the elderly, who are the most at risk population for acute cardiovascular events. In this review, we aim to provide a basic understanding of the physiological effects of marijuana on the cardiovascular system and to review the current literature regarding cardiovascular diseases linked to marijuana use in adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: marijuana; cardiovascular disease; cannabis; myocardial infarction; arrythmias; Takotsubo cardiomyopathy; cannabis arteritis marijuana; cardiovascular disease; cannabis; myocardial infarction; arrythmias; Takotsubo cardiomyopathy; cannabis arteritis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Latif, Z.; Garg, N. The Impact of Marijuana on the Cardiovascular System: A Review of the Most Common Cardiovascular Events Associated with Marijuana Use. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1925. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061925

AMA Style

Latif Z, Garg N. The Impact of Marijuana on the Cardiovascular System: A Review of the Most Common Cardiovascular Events Associated with Marijuana Use. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(6):1925. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061925

Chicago/Turabian Style

Latif, Zara, and Nadish Garg. 2020. "The Impact of Marijuana on the Cardiovascular System: A Review of the Most Common Cardiovascular Events Associated with Marijuana Use" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 6: 1925. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061925

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