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Open AccessArticle

Course of Adverse Events during Short Treatment Regimen in Patients with Rifampicin-Resistant Tuberculosis in Burundi

Damien Foundation, Burundi 15, Avenue du Poisson 15, Ntahangwa, Bujumbura 2426, Burundi
Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
Research Foundation Flanders, Egmonstraat 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
Damien Foundation, Boulevard Léopold-II 263, 1081 Brussels, Belgium
Damien Foundation, POBox 1065, Niamey, Niger
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(6), 1873;
Received: 14 May 2020 / Revised: 5 June 2020 / Accepted: 12 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tuberculosis, Drug and Diagnostics Development)
The introduction of the nine-month short-treatment regimen (STR) has drastically improved outcomes of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) treatment. Adverse events (AE) commonly occur, including injectable-induced hearing loss. In Burundi we retrospectively assessed the frequency of adverse events and treatment modifications in all patients who initiated the STR between 2013–2017. Among 225 included patients, 93% were successfully treated without relapse, 5% died, 1% was lost-to-follow-up, 0.4% had treatment failure and 0.4% relapsed after completion. AE were reported in 53%, with grade 3 or 4 AE in 4% of patients. AE occurred after a median of two months. Hepatotoxicity (31%), gastro-intestinal toxicity (22%) and ototoxicity (10%) were most commonly reported. One patient suffered severe hearing loss. Following AE, 7% of patients had a dose reduction and 1% a drug interruption. Kanamycin-induced ototoxicity led to 94% of modifications. All 18 patients with a modified regimen were cured relapse-free. In this exhaustive national RR-TB cohort, RR-TB was treated successfully with the STR. Adverse events were infrequent. To replace the present STR, all-oral regimens should be at least as effective and also less toxic. During and after transition, monitoring, management, and documentation of AE will remain essential. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis; short treatment regimen; Burundi multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis; short treatment regimen; Burundi
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ciza, F.; Gils, T.; Sawadogo, M.; Decroo, T.; Roggi, A.; Piubello, A.; Ortuño-Gutiérrez, N. Course of Adverse Events during Short Treatment Regimen in Patients with Rifampicin-Resistant Tuberculosis in Burundi. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1873.

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