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Prevalence of Depression in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida de la Ilustración N. 60, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria, IBS, 18012 Granada, Spain
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Ceuta, C/Cortadura del Valle s/n, 51001 Ceuta, Spain
4
University Hospital of Ceuta. Institute of Health Management. C/Colmenar s/n, 51003 Ceuta, Spain
5
University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves. Andalusian Health Service. Av. de las Fuerzas Armadas 2, 18014 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(4), 909; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9040909
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 25 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) might adversely affect the health status of the patients, producing cognitive deterioration, with depression being the most common symptom. The aim of this study is to analyse the prevalence of depression in patients before and after coronary artery bypass surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out, involving a study of the past 10 years of the following databases: CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Science. The total sample comprised n = 16,501 patients. The total number of items was n = 65, with n = 29 included in the meta-analysis. Based on the different measurement tools used, the prevalence of depression pre-CABG ranges from 19–37%, and post-CABG from 15–33%. There is a considerable presence of depression in this type of patient, but this varies according to the measurement tool used and the quality of the study. Systematically detecting depression prior to cardiac surgery could identify patients at potential risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronary artery bypass graft; depression; mental health; meta-analysis; prevalence; surgery; systematic review coronary artery bypass graft; depression; mental health; meta-analysis; prevalence; surgery; systematic review
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Correa-Rodríguez, M.; Abu Ejheisheh, M.; Suleiman-Martos, N.; Membrive-Jiménez, M.J.; Velando-Soriano, A.; Schmidt-RioValle, J.; Gómez-Urquiza, J.L. Prevalence of Depression in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 909.

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