Next Article in Journal
Circulating microRNA Associated to Different Stages of Liver Steatosis in Prader–Willi Syndrome and Non-Syndromic Obesity
Previous Article in Journal
Surgical Treatment on Subungual Osteochondromas in Paediatric Feet: A Case Series Study
Article

Dietary and Lifestyle Patterns are Associated with Heart Rate Variability

1
Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Loredan, 18, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, 28100 Novara, Italy
3
Cardiology Unit, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani, 2, 35128 Padova, Italy
4
Dietetics Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani, 2, 35128 Padova, Italy
5
Department of Nutrition, University of Buenos Aires and Food and Diet Therapy Service, Acute General Hospital Juan A. Fernàndez, C1425 Buenos Aires, Argentina
6
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(4), 1121; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041121
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 April 2020 / Published: 14 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Assessment of heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac ectopic beats is a clinically relevant topic. The present exploratory observational study aimed to inspect the relationships of lifestyle, dietary patterns, and anthropometrics with HRV, premature ventricular complexes (PVCs), and supraventricular premature complexes (SVPCs). A cross-sectional study enrolling subjects undergoing Holter monitoring was performed. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, body composition (full-body bio-impedentiometry), dietary patterns (validated food frequency questionnaire and 24 h dietary recall), and quality of life were assessed. Generalized additive models were estimated to evaluate the relationships between outcomes of interest and variables collected. The study enrolled 121 consecutive patients undergoing 24 h Holter monitoring. Upon univariable analysis, HRV was found to have an inverse association with mass of body fat (MBF) (p-value 0.015), while doing physical activity was associated with a significantly higher HRV (p-value 0.036). Upon multivariable analysis, fruit consumption in the 24 h dietary recall was found to be directly associated with HRV (p-value 0.044). The present findings might be useful for improving the management of patients attending cardiac rhythm labs, and to tailor ad hoc prevention strategies (modification of lifestyle and eating habits) based on Holter parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart rate variability; premature ventricular complexes; supraventricular premature complexes; dietary patterns; lifestyle heart rate variability; premature ventricular complexes; supraventricular premature complexes; dietary patterns; lifestyle
MDPI and ACS Style

Reginato, E.; Azzolina, D.; Folino, F.; Valentini, R.; Bendinelli, C.; Gafare, C.E.; Cainelli, E.; Vedovelli, L.; Iliceto, S.; Gregori, D.; Lorenzoni, G. Dietary and Lifestyle Patterns are Associated with Heart Rate Variability. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041121

AMA Style

Reginato E, Azzolina D, Folino F, Valentini R, Bendinelli C, Gafare CE, Cainelli E, Vedovelli L, Iliceto S, Gregori D, Lorenzoni G. Dietary and Lifestyle Patterns are Associated with Heart Rate Variability. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(4):1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041121

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reginato, Elena, Danila Azzolina, Franco Folino, Romina Valentini, Camilla Bendinelli, Claudia E. Gafare, Elisa Cainelli, Luca Vedovelli, Sabino Iliceto, Dario Gregori, and Giulia Lorenzoni. 2020. "Dietary and Lifestyle Patterns are Associated with Heart Rate Variability" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 4: 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041121

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop