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Cognitive Improvement in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Evidence from a Multi-Strategic Metamemory Training

1
Department of Counseling Psychology, Cha University, Gyeonggi-do 11160, Korea
2
Department of Education, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
3
Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine & SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul 07061, Korea
4
Department of Psychiatry, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon 21565, Korea
5
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul 05030, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(2), 362; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020362
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2020 / Accepted: 25 January 2020 / Published: 28 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
Intervention programs to relieve memory impairment and memory-related complaints in older adults with mild cognitive impairment are needed. Objective: The purpose of the current study was to assess the efficacy of a novel cognitive training approach—named multi-strategic metamemory training—in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Among a total of 113 older adults with mild cognitive impairment, 66 participated in the memory training program (training group) and 47 did not (control group). Repeated measures of analysis of variance revealed that compared with the control group, the training group experienced: (i) a significantly greater increase in cognitive test scores of long-term delayed free recall (Finteraction = 6.04, p = 0.016) and fluency (Finteraction = 4.11, p = 0.045) and (ii) significantly greater decrease in their subjective memory complaints for everyday memory (Finteraction = 7.35, p = 0.009). These results suggest that the training program can improve verbal memory (i.e., delayed free recall), language processing (i.e., categorical fluency) and limit complaints in everyday instrumental memory activities of mildly impaired older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-strategic metamemory training; mild cognitive impairment; random control design; transfer effect multi-strategic metamemory training; mild cognitive impairment; random control design; transfer effect
MDPI and ACS Style

Youn, J.-H.; Park, S.; Lee, J.-Y.; Cho, S.-J.; Kim, J.; Ryu, S.-H. Cognitive Improvement in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Evidence from a Multi-Strategic Metamemory Training. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 362. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020362

AMA Style

Youn J-H, Park S, Lee J-Y, Cho S-J, Kim J, Ryu S-H. Cognitive Improvement in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Evidence from a Multi-Strategic Metamemory Training. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(2):362. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020362

Chicago/Turabian Style

Youn, Jung-Hae, Soowon Park, Jun-Young Lee, Seong-Jin Cho, Jeongsim Kim, and Seung-Ho Ryu. 2020. "Cognitive Improvement in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Evidence from a Multi-Strategic Metamemory Training" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 2: 362. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020362

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