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Open AccessArticle

Generic and Respiratory-Specific Quality of Life in Non-Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19

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Department of Research and Development, Ciro, 6085 NM Horn, The Netherlands
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Nutrim School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, 6229 HX Maastricht, The Netherlands
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Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), 6229 HX Maastricht, The Netherlands
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REVAL–Rehabilitation Research Center, BIOMED–Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, 3500 Diepenbeek, Belgium
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Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
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Lung Foundation Netherlands, 3818 LE Amersfoort, The Netherlands
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Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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Department of Health Services Research, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(12), 3993; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9123993
Received: 14 November 2020 / Revised: 4 December 2020 / Accepted: 7 December 2020 / Published: 9 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Diseases)
The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on quality of life appears to be highly underestimated, especially in patients who have not been admitted to the hospital. Therefore, our aim was to assess respiratory-specific quality of life in addition to generic quality of life in former patients with confirmed/suspected COVID-19 who have never been admitted to the hospital. Members of an online Belgian social support group for patients with confirmed/suspected COVID-19 with persistent complaints, completed an online survey. The five-level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) and the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) were used to assess generic and respiratory-specific quality of life, respectively. Data of 210 non-hospitalized patients (88% women, 45 ± 11 years, 79 ± 17 days after symptom onset) were included in the analyses. Mean EQ-5D index and visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) score was 0.62 ± 0.19 and 50.71 ± 18.87, respectively, with 40% of the patients demonstrating an EQ-5D index that was below the fifth percentile of normative values, indicating poor generic quality of life. The mean CCQ score was 2.01 ± 0.98 points, while 123 respondents (59%) had a total score ≥1.9 points, indicating poor respiratory-specific quality of life. The correlation between EQ-5D index score/EQ-VAS score and CCQ total score was moderate (r = −0.524 and r = −0.374; both p < 0.001). In conclusion, both generic and respiratory-specific quality of life are affected in non-hospitalized patients with COVID-19, approximately three months after the onset of symptoms. The combined use of the EQ-5D and the CCQ could identify the broad impact of COVID-19 on quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; quality of life; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) COVID-19; quality of life; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meys, R.; Delbressine, J.M.; Goërtz, Y.M.J.; Vaes, A.W.; Machado, F.V.C.; Van Herck, M.; Burtin, C.; Posthuma, R.; Spaetgens, B.; Franssen, F.M.E.; Spies, Y.; Vijlbrief, H.; van’t Hul, A.J.; Janssen, D.J.A.; Spruit, M.A.; Houben-Wilke, S. Generic and Respiratory-Specific Quality of Life in Non-Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3993. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9123993

AMA Style

Meys R, Delbressine JM, Goërtz YMJ, Vaes AW, Machado FVC, Van Herck M, Burtin C, Posthuma R, Spaetgens B, Franssen FME, Spies Y, Vijlbrief H, van’t Hul AJ, Janssen DJA, Spruit MA, Houben-Wilke S. Generic and Respiratory-Specific Quality of Life in Non-Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(12):3993. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9123993

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meys, Roy; Delbressine, Jeannet M.; Goërtz, Yvonne M.J.; Vaes, Anouk W.; Machado, Felipe V.C.; Van Herck, Maarten; Burtin, Chris; Posthuma, Rein; Spaetgens, Bart; Franssen, Frits M.E.; Spies, Yvonne; Vijlbrief, Herman; van’t Hul, Alex J.; Janssen, Daisy J.A.; Spruit, Martijn A.; Houben-Wilke, Sarah. 2020. "Generic and Respiratory-Specific Quality of Life in Non-Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19" J. Clin. Med. 9, no. 12: 3993. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9123993

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