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Open AccessArticle

Information Recall in Pre-Operative Consultation for Glioma Surgery Using Actual Size Three-Dimensional Models

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands
2
Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(11), 3660; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9113660
Received: 27 September 2020 / Revised: 9 November 2020 / Accepted: 11 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
Three-dimensional (3D) technologies are being used for patient education. For glioma, a personalized 3D model can show the patient specific tumor and eloquent areas. We aim to compare the amount of information that is understood and can be recalled after a pre-operative consult using a 3D model (physically printed or in Augmented Reality (AR)) versus two-dimensional (2D) MR images. In this explorative study, healthy individuals were eligible to participate. Sixty-one participants were enrolled and assigned to either the 2D (MRI/fMRI), 3D (physical 3D model) or AR groups. After undergoing a mock pre-operative consultation for low-grade glioma surgery, participants completed two assessments (one week apart) testing information recall using a standardized questionnaire. The 3D group obtained the highest recall scores on both assessments (Cohen’s d = 1.76 and Cohen’s d = 0.94, respectively, compared to 2D), followed by AR and 2D, respectively. Thus, real-size 3D models appear to improve information recall as compared to MR images in a pre-operative consultation for glioma cases. Future clinical studies should measure the efficacy of using real-size 3D models in actual neurosurgery patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D model; Augmented Reality; glioma; pre-operative consultation; patient education; information recall 3D model; Augmented Reality; glioma; pre-operative consultation; patient education; information recall
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sezer, S.; Piai, V.; Kessels, R.P.C.; ter Laan, M. Information Recall in Pre-Operative Consultation for Glioma Surgery Using Actual Size Three-Dimensional Models. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3660.

AMA Style

Sezer S, Piai V, Kessels RPC, ter Laan M. Information Recall in Pre-Operative Consultation for Glioma Surgery Using Actual Size Three-Dimensional Models. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(11):3660.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sezer, Sümeyye; Piai, Vitoria; Kessels, Roy P.C.; ter Laan, Mark. 2020. "Information Recall in Pre-Operative Consultation for Glioma Surgery Using Actual Size Three-Dimensional Models" J. Clin. Med. 9, no. 11: 3660.

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