Next Article in Journal
Potential Biomarkers in Systemic Sclerosis: A Literature Review and Update
Previous Article in Journal
Somatic Variant Analysis Identifies Targets for Tailored Therapies in Patients with Vascular Malformations
jcm-logo
Article Menu
Article

Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS) Did Occur in Poland during Months with Low COVID-19 Prevalence, Preliminary Results of a Nationwide Register

1
Department of Pediatrics with Clinical Decisions Unit, Medical University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 63A, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Wroclaw Medical University, Chałubińskiego 2-2a, 50-368 Wroclaw, Poland
3
Department of Infectious Diseases and Child Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Science, Szpitalna 27/33, 60-572 Poznan, Poland
4
Department of Pediatrics, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, The Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Al. Dzieci Polskich 20, 04-730 Warsaw, Poland
5
Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University, al. IX Wieków Kielc 19A, 25-317 Kielce, Poland
6
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and General Pediatrics, Medical University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 63A, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
7
Department of Infectious Diseases and Paediatrics, S. Zeromski Hospital in Krakow, Osiedle Na Skarpie 66, 31-913 Krakow, Poland
8
Department of Paediatrics and Paediatric Endocrinology, Upper-Silesian Paediatric Health Center School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Medyków 16, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
9
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Rzeszow, Lwowska 60, 35-301 Rzeszow, Poland
10
Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Transplantation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Szpitalna 27/33, 60-572 Poznan, Poland
11
Department of Pediatrics, The Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Cegłowska 80, 01-809 Warsaw, Poland
12
Department of Preventive Health, Poznan University of Medical Science, Smoluchowskiego 11, 60-179 Poznan, Poland
13
2nd Infectious Diseases Ward, Children’s Hospital in Poznan, Nowowiejskiego 56/58, 61-734 Poznan, Poland
14
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Regional Specialist Hospital in Wroclaw, Research and Development Center, Kamieńskiego 73a, 51-124 Wroclaw, Poland
15
Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 17, 15-274 Bialystok, Poland
16
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze Medical University of Silesia, 3-go Maja 13-15, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
17
Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Opole, 45-040 Opole, Poland
18
Department of Pediatrics, University Clinical Hospital in Opole, 45-040 Opole, Poland
19
Department of Pediatrics, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Żołnierska 18a, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland
20
Department of Pediatrics and Rheumatology, Specialist Hospital Antoniego Falkiewicza, Warszawska 2, 52-114 Wroclaw, Poland
21
Department of Pediatrics, Allergology and Cardiology, Provincial Polyclinical Hospital in Torun, Konstytucji 3 Maja 42, 87-100 Torun, Poland
22
1st Department of Children’s Diseases, Subdepartement of Pulmonology and Allergology, Świętokrzyskie Center of Paediatrics, Grunwaldzka 45, 25-736 Kielce, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Contributed equally.
Paweł Tracewski, Jacek Kusa, Paulina Potocka, Artur Sulik, Katarzyna Ziora, Helena Krakowczyk, Aleksandra Wodniak, Janusz Zaryczański, Alicja Żakiewicz-Cepak, Elżbieta Jarocka-Cyrta, Agnieszka Koczwara, Anna Prusek-Dudkiewicz, Ewa Zbucka-Jachowska, Sabina Langer-Wójcik, Elżbieta Kołodziej.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(11), 3386; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9113386
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 16 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 22 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Diseases)
Pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS) is a new entity in children, likely associated with previous coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) infection. Most of the reports about PIMS come from countries particularly hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. Our aim was to investigate the nature of inflammatory syndromes in Poland (country with low COVID-19 prevalence) and to perceive the emergence of PIMS in our country. On 25 May 2020, we launched a nationwide survey of inflammatory syndromes in children for retrospective (since 4 March 2020) and prospective data collection. Up to 28 July, 39 reported children met the inclusion criteria. We stratified them according to age (<5 and ≥ 5 years old) and COVID-19 status. The majority of children had clinical and laboratory features of Kawasaki disease, probably non-associated with COVID-19. However, children ≥5 years of age had PIMS characteristics, and nine children had COVID-19 confirmation. This is, to our knowledge, the first report of the PIMS register from a country with a low COVID-19 prevalence, and it proves that PIMS may emerge in any area involved in the COVID-19 pandemic. In a context of limited COVID-19 testing availability, other risk factors of PIMS, e.g., older age, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory syndromes in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: PIMS; MIS-C; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Kawasaki disease; survey PIMS; MIS-C; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Kawasaki disease; survey
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Okarska-Napierała, M.; Ludwikowska, K.M.; Szenborn, L.; Dudek, N.; Mania, A.; Buda, P.; Książyk, J.; Mazur-Malewska, K.; Figlerowicz, M.; Szczukocki, M.; Kucińska, B.; Werner, B.; Stopyra, L.; Czech, A.; Berdej-Szczot, E.; Gawlik, A.; Opalińska, P.; Mazur, A.; Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, D.; Niszczota, C.; Jackowska, T.; Wysocki, J.; MOIS CoR Study Group; Kuchar, E. Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS) Did Occur in Poland during Months with Low COVID-19 Prevalence, Preliminary Results of a Nationwide Register. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3386. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9113386

AMA Style

Okarska-Napierała M, Ludwikowska KM, Szenborn L, Dudek N, Mania A, Buda P, Książyk J, Mazur-Malewska K, Figlerowicz M, Szczukocki M, Kucińska B, Werner B, Stopyra L, Czech A, Berdej-Szczot E, Gawlik A, Opalińska P, Mazur A, Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska D, Niszczota C, Jackowska T, Wysocki J, MOIS CoR Study Group, Kuchar E. Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS) Did Occur in Poland during Months with Low COVID-19 Prevalence, Preliminary Results of a Nationwide Register. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(11):3386. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9113386

Chicago/Turabian Style

Okarska-Napierała, Magdalena, Kamila M. Ludwikowska, Leszek Szenborn, Natalia Dudek, Anna Mania, Piotr Buda, Janusz Książyk, Katarzyna Mazur-Malewska, Magdalena Figlerowicz, Maciej Szczukocki, Beata Kucińska, Bożena Werner, Lidia Stopyra, Agnieszka Czech, Elżbieta Berdej-Szczot, Aneta Gawlik, Paulina Opalińska, Artur Mazur, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Cezary Niszczota, Teresa Jackowska, Jacek Wysocki, MOIS CoR Study Group, and Ernest Kuchar. 2020. "Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS) Did Occur in Poland during Months with Low COVID-19 Prevalence, Preliminary Results of a Nationwide Register" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 11: 3386. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9113386

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop