Next Article in Journal
Do Genomic Factors Play a Role in Diabetic Retinopathy?
Previous Article in Journal
Usefulness of the Inferior Articular Process’s Cross-Sectional Area as a Morphological Parameter for Predicting Central Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Open AccessArticle

Virtual Reality for PEripheral Regional Anesthesia (VR-PERLA Study)

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 75012 Paris, France
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 75015 Paris, France
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Sorbonne University, 75006 Paris, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(1), 215;
Received: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 13 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Anesthesiology)
When used as an add-on to regional anesthesia, virtual reality (VR) has been reported to provide anxiety-reducing benefits and sedation-sparing effects. However, its impact on patient satisfaction is still a matter of controversy. We investigated the feasibility and benefits of implementing intraoperative VR distraction in a French University Hospital (Hôpital Saint-Antoine, AP-HP). This monocentric observational before–after study included 100 patients who underwent ambulatory upper limb surgery under peripheral nerve block in January 2019, 50 before and 50 after implementation of an intraoperative VR distraction protocol. Primary outcome was patient self-rated satisfaction score evaluated right after surgery. Secondary outcomes included 2-month patient-reported satisfaction score, perioperative self-rated anxiety and intraoperative hemodynamic changes. Compared to former standard care, VR distraction was associated with significantly higher postoperative satisfaction scores (10 [IQR 9; 10] vs. 9 [8; 10], p < 0.001) still reported two months after surgery (10 [10;10] vs. 10 [8.5;10], p = 0.06). Patient median intraoperative anxiety score was lower in the VR group, compared to Standard Care group (0 [0; 2] vs. 3 [0.25; 7], p < 0.001), and occurrence of intraoperative hemodynamic changes was also lessened in the VR group (2% vs. 16%, 0R = 0.11[95% CI 0.002–0.87], p = 0.031). The present findings suggest that VR distraction program in the operating room could effectively improve patient satisfaction with anxiety-reduction and hemodynamic benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: anesthesia; regional anesthesia; virtual reality; ambulatory surgery; satisfaction; anxiety anesthesia; regional anesthesia; virtual reality; ambulatory surgery; satisfaction; anxiety
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Alaterre, C.; Duceau, B.; Sung Tsai, E.; Zriouel, S.; Bonnet, F.; Lescot, T.; Verdonk, F. Virtual Reality for PEripheral Regional Anesthesia (VR-PERLA Study). J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 215.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop