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Open AccessArticle

Altered Metabolomic Profile in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease

Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Department of Environmental Science, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA
Department of Surgery, University of Nebraska at Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
Department of Biostatistics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
Department of Surgery, Baylor Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX 76508, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(9), 1463;
Received: 24 August 2019 / Revised: 11 September 2019 / Accepted: 12 September 2019 / Published: 14 September 2019
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common atherosclerotic disease characterized by narrowed or blocked arteries in the lower extremities. Circulating serum biomarkers can provide significant insight regarding the disease progression. Here, we explore the metabolomics signatures associated with different stages of PAD and investigate potential mechanisms of the disease. We compared the serum metabolites of a cohort of 26 PAD patients presenting with claudication and 26 PAD patients presenting with critical limb ischemia (CLI) to those of 26 non-PAD controls. A difference between the metabolite profiles of PAD patients from non-PAD controls was observed for several amino acids, acylcarnitines, ceramides, and cholesteryl esters. Furthermore, our data demonstrate that patients with CLI possess an altered metabolomic signature different from that of both claudicants and non-PAD controls. These findings provide new insight into the pathophysiology of PAD and may help develop future diagnostic procedures and therapies for PAD patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: peripheral artery disease (PAD); metabolomics; claudication; critical limb ischemia (CLI) peripheral artery disease (PAD); metabolomics; claudication; critical limb ischemia (CLI)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ismaeel, A.; Franco, M.E.; Lavado, R.; Papoutsi, E.; Casale, G.P.; Fuglestad, M.; Mietus, C.J.; Haynatzki, G.R.; Smith, R.S.; Bohannon, W.T.; Sawicki, I.; Pipinos, I.I.; Koutakis, P. Altered Metabolomic Profile in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1463.

AMA Style

Ismaeel A, Franco ME, Lavado R, Papoutsi E, Casale GP, Fuglestad M, Mietus CJ, Haynatzki GR, Smith RS, Bohannon WT, Sawicki I, Pipinos II, Koutakis P. Altered Metabolomic Profile in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(9):1463.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ismaeel, Ahmed; Franco, Marco E.; Lavado, Ramon; Papoutsi, Evlampia; Casale, George P.; Fuglestad, Matthew; Mietus, Constance J.; Haynatzki, Gleb R.; Smith, Robert S.; Bohannon, William T.; Sawicki, Ian; Pipinos, Iraklis I.; Koutakis, Panagiotis. 2019. "Altered Metabolomic Profile in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease" J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 9: 1463.

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