Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention in Routine Care on Prenatal Dietary Behavior—Findings from the Cluster-Randomized GeliS Trial
AbstractThe antenatal lifestyle and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) modify the risk of obstetric complications, maternal weight retention, and the risk of obesity for the next generation. The cluster-randomized controlled “Healthy living in pregnancy” (GeliS) study, recruiting 2286 women, was designed to examine whether a lifestyle intervention reduced the proportion of women with excessive GWG. Trained healthcare providers gave four counseling sessions covering a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and self-monitoring of GWG in the intervention group. In this secondary analysis, the effect on maternal dietary behavior was analyzed. Dietary behavior was assessed by means of a 58-item food frequency questionnaire in early and late pregnancy. The intervention resulted in a significant reduction in soft drink intake (p < 0.001) and an increase in the consumption of fish (p = 0.002) and vegetables (p = 0.023). With the exception of higher percentage energy from protein (p = 0.018), no effects of the intervention on energy and macronutrient intake were observed. There was no evidence for an overall effect on dietary quality measured with a healthy eating index. Some dietary variables were shown to be associated with GWG. In a routine prenatal care setting in Germany, lifestyle advice modified single aspects of dietary behavior, but not energy intake or overall dietary quality. View Full-Text
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Günther, J.; Hoffmann, J.; Kunath, J.; Spies, M.; Meyer, D.; Stecher, L.; Rosenfeld, E.; Kick, L.; Rauh, K.; Hauner, H. Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention in Routine Care on Prenatal Dietary Behavior—Findings from the Cluster-Randomized GeliS Trial. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 960.
Günther J, Hoffmann J, Kunath J, Spies M, Meyer D, Stecher L, Rosenfeld E, Kick L, Rauh K, Hauner H. Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention in Routine Care on Prenatal Dietary Behavior—Findings from the Cluster-Randomized GeliS Trial. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(7):960.Chicago/Turabian Style
Günther, Julia; Hoffmann, Julia; Kunath, Julia; Spies, Monika; Meyer, Dorothy; Stecher, Lynne; Rosenfeld, Eva; Kick, Luzia; Rauh, Kathrin; Hauner, Hans. 2019. "Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention in Routine Care on Prenatal Dietary Behavior—Findings from the Cluster-Randomized GeliS Trial." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 7: 960.
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