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Open AccessArticle

Initial Experience in CT-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Lung Lesions Performed by a Pulmonologist

Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu 42415, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(6), 821; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060821
Received: 4 May 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Pulmonology)
In the diagnosis of lung lesions, computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) has a high diagnostic yield and a low complication rate. The procedure is usually performed by interventional radiologists, but the diagnostic yield and safety of CT-guided PTNB when performed by pulmonologists have not been evaluated. A retrospective study of 239 patients who underwent CT-guided PTNB at Yeungnam University Hospital between March 2017 and April 2018 was conducted. A pulmonologist performed the procedure using a co-axial technique with a 20-gauge needle. Then diagnostic yield and safety were assessed. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for the diagnosis of malignancy were 96.1% (171/178), 100% (46/46), 100% (171/171), and 86.8% (46/53), respectively. The diagnostic accuracy was 96.9% (217/224) and the overall complication rate was 33.1% (82/248). Pneumothorax, hemoptysis, and hemothorax occurred in 27.0% (67/248), 5.2% (13/248), and 0.8% (2/248) of the patients, respectively. Univariate analyses revealed that pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion was a significant risk factor (odds ratio, 25.0; p < 0.001) for diagnostic failure. CT-guided PTNB is a safe procedure with a high diagnostic accuracy, even when performed by an inexperienced pulmonologist. The results were similar to those achieved by interventional radiologists as reported in previously published studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: CT; percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy; pulmonologist CT; percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy; pulmonologist
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ahn, J.H.; Jang, J.G. Initial Experience in CT-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Lung Lesions Performed by a Pulmonologist. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 821. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060821

AMA Style

Ahn JH, Jang JG. Initial Experience in CT-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Lung Lesions Performed by a Pulmonologist. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(6):821. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060821

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahn, June H.; Jang, Jong G. 2019. "Initial Experience in CT-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Lung Lesions Performed by a Pulmonologist" J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 6: 821. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060821

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