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Effects of Alcohol Hangover on Cognitive Performance: Findings from a Field/Internet Mixed Methodology Study
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Sleep after Heavy Alcohol Consumption and Physical Activity Levels during Alcohol Hangover

1
School of Psychology, Life and Health sciences, Ulster University, BT52 1SA Londonderry, Northern Ireland
2
Sleep Disorders and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
3
Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, 3584CG Utrecht, The Netherlands
4
Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Vic 3122 Melbourne, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(5), 752; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8050752
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 24 May 2019 / Accepted: 25 May 2019 / Published: 27 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Alcohol Hangover: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment)
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Abstract

Alcohol consumption can negatively affect sleep quality. The current study examined the impact of an evening of alcohol consumption on sleep, and next day activity levels and alcohol hangover. n = 25 healthy social drinkers participated in a naturalistic study, consisting of an alcohol and alcohol-free test day. On both days, a GENEactiv watch recorded sleep and wake, and corresponding activity levels. In addition, subjective assessments of sleep duration and quality were made, and hangover severity, and the amount of consumed alcoholic beverages were assessed. Alcohol consumption was also assessed in real-time during the drinking session, using smartphone technology. The results confirmed, by using both objective and subjective assessments, that consuming a large amount of alcohol has a negative impact on sleep, including a significant reduction in objective sleep efficiency and significantly lower self-reported sleep quality. Activity levels during the hangover day were significantly reduced compared to the alcohol-free control day. Of note, next-morning retrospective alcohol consumption assessments underestimated real-time beverage recordings. In conclusion, heavy alcohol consumption impairs sleep quality, which is associated with increased next day hangover severity and reduced activity levels. The outcome of this study underlines that, in addition to retrospectively reported data, real-time objective assessments are needed to fully understand the effects of heavy drinking. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; daytime activity; alcohol; hangover sleep; daytime activity; alcohol; hangover
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Devenney, L.E.; Coyle, K.B.; Roth, T.; Verster, J.C. Sleep after Heavy Alcohol Consumption and Physical Activity Levels during Alcohol Hangover. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 752.

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