Next Article in Journal
Is Pelvic Plexus Block Superior to Periprostatic Nerve Block for Pain Control during Transrectal Ultrasonography-Guided Prostate Biopsy? A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Patient Experience in Home Respiratory Therapies: Where We Are and Where to Go
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Prevention of Sudden Death Related to Sport: The Science of Basic Life Support—From Theory to Practice

1
Center for Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória 29075810, Brazil
2
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, Greece
3
Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia 74690-900, Brazil
4
Paulista School of Nursing e São Paulo Hospital, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo 04024-002, Brazil
5
Department of Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-000, Brazil
6
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
7
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(4), 556; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040556
Received: 17 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
  |  
PDF [660 KB, uploaded 26 April 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

The sudden cardiac arrest (CA) and death of athletes are dramatic and emotionally impacting events for health professionals, family, and society. Although the practice of sport participation improves general health, physical fitness, and quality of life, intense physical exercise can be a trigger for CA and sudden death occasionally in the presence of known or unknown cardiac disorders (mainly hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) and risk factors (environment, health style, family, and genetic). The present review found that sudden death associated with CA was not such a common event in competitive athletes, but it might be an underestimated event in recreational athletes. Thus, considering the exponential increase in sport participation, both in a recreational or competitive way, and the rate of sudden CA, knowledge of implementing prevention and treatment strategies is crucial. This includes preparation of health professionals and lay people in basic life support (BLS); screening and pre-participation assessment in sport programs and health education; and promotion for the recognition of CA and early completion of BLS and rapid access to automatic external defibrillator to improve the victim survival/prognosis. Thus, the purpose of this review is to provide for health professionals and lay people the most updated information, based on current guidelines, of how to proceed in an emergency situation associated with sudden CA of young adult athletes. View Full-Text
Keywords: sudden death; basic life support; cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; physical activity; sport sudden death; basic life support; cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; physical activity; sport
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Vancini, R.L.; Nikolaidis, P.T.; de Lira, C.A.B.; Vancini-Campanharo, C.R.; Viana, R.B.; Andrade, M.S.; Rosemann, T.; Knechtle, B. Prevention of Sudden Death Related to Sport: The Science of Basic Life Support—From Theory to Practice. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 556.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Clin. Med. EISSN 2077-0383 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top