Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease
AbstractPatient-specific three-dimensional (3D) printed models have been increasingly used in cardiology and cardiac surgery, in particular, showing great value in the domain of congenital heart disease (CHD). CHD is characterized by complex cardiac anomalies with disease variations between individuals; thus, it is difficult to obtain comprehensive spatial conceptualization of the cardiac structures based on the current imaging visualizations. 3D printed models derived from patient’s cardiac imaging data overcome this limitation by creating personalized 3D heart models, which not only improve spatial visualization, but also assist preoperative planning and simulation of cardiac procedures, serve as a useful tool in medical education and training, and improve doctor–patient communication. This review article provides an overall view of the clinical applications and usefulness of 3D printed models in CHD. Current limitations and future research directions of 3D printed heart models are highlighted.
Share & Cite This Article
Sun, Z.; Lau, I.; Wong, Y.H.; Yeong, C.H. Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 522.
Sun Z, Lau I, Wong YH, Yeong CH. Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(4):522.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Zhonghua; Lau, Ivan; Wong, Yin How; Yeong, Chai Hong. 2019. "Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 4: 522.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.