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J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(4), 522; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040522

Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease

1
Discipline of Medical Radiation Sciences, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia
2
School of Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor’s University, Subang Java 47500, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 14 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Cardiology)
PDF [1297 KB, uploaded 16 April 2019]

Abstract

Patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) printed models have been increasingly used in cardiology and cardiac surgery, in particular, showing great value in the domain of congenital heart disease (CHD). CHD is characterized by complex cardiac anomalies with disease variations between individuals; thus, it is difficult to obtain comprehensive spatial conceptualization of the cardiac structures based on the current imaging visualizations. 3D printed models derived from patient’s cardiac imaging data overcome this limitation by creating personalized 3D heart models, which not only improve spatial visualization, but also assist preoperative planning and simulation of cardiac procedures, serve as a useful tool in medical education and training, and improve doctor–patient communication. This review article provides an overall view of the clinical applications and usefulness of 3D printed models in CHD. Current limitations and future research directions of 3D printed heart models are highlighted.
Keywords: three-dimensional printing; congenital heart disease; medical education; heart models; pre-operative planning; simulation three-dimensional printing; congenital heart disease; medical education; heart models; pre-operative planning; simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sun, Z.; Lau, I.; Wong, Y.H.; Yeong, C.H. Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 522.

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