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J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(4), 454; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040454

Evaluation of the Association between Menstrual Cycle Irregularity and Dental Pain or Chewing Discomfort in Women before Menopause

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
3
Department of Biostatistics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
4
Department of Prosthodontics, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul 02841, Korea
5
Department of Periodontics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 29 March 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Stomatology)
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Abstract

This study was performed to assess the relationship between menstrual irregularity and dental pain or chewing discomfort in women before menopause, using nationally representative data. This study analyzed 4595 participants who were ≥19 years or older, and did not have missing values for outcome variables from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Tooth pain was considered present if the participant felt throbbing discomfort, pain, or sensitivity when eating hot or cold food or drinking hot or cold beverages. Self-reported oral chewing discomfort was obtained. Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals for tooth pain in the individuals with menstrual cycle irregularity were 1.30 (1.05, 1.62) after adjustment for age, body mass index, drinking, smoking, income, exercise, stress, metabolic syndrome, and the frequency of tooth brushing. Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals for chewing discomfort in the individuals with menstrual cycle irregularity were 1.33 (1.03, 1.72) after adjustment. The association between menstrual irregularity and dental pain or chewing discomfort in women before menopause was proven—after adjusting for confounding factors—by multiple logistic regression analyses. Menstrual cycle irregularity may be considered a potential risk indicator for dental pain or chewing discomfort in Korean women before menopause. View Full-Text
Keywords: epidemiology; mastication; menstrual cycle; nutrition surveys; oral health; toothache epidemiology; mastication; menstrual cycle; nutrition surveys; oral health; toothache
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Song, I.-S.; Ki, E.Y.; Han, K.; Ryu, J.-J.; Park, J.-B. Evaluation of the Association between Menstrual Cycle Irregularity and Dental Pain or Chewing Discomfort in Women before Menopause. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 454.

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