Next Article in Journal
Oral Bicarbonate Therapy in Non-Haemodialysis Dependent Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials
Previous Article in Journal
Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cells: The Future Is Now
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(2), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020206

Evaluation of the Association between the Risk of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion and the Concentration of Environmental Air Pollutants

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Warmia and Mazury, Al. Warszawska 30, 10-082 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Institute for Research in Ophthalmology, Poznan, Gorczyczewskiego 2/3, 61-553 Poznan, Poland
3
Department and Clinic of Ophthalmology, Wroclaw Medical University, Ul. Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 2 February 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Ophthalmology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [228 KB, uploaded 18 February 2019]

Abstract

The purpose of the retrospective, population-based study was to assess the relationship between the risk of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and the level of air pollutants. This study identified 2.272 cases of newly diagnosed CRAO registered in the Polish National Health Service database. The study authors gathered hourly ambient concentrations of particulate matter—PM 2.5, PM 10, benzene, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and sulfur dioxide from pollution monitoring stations. Data on average daily temperature and atmospheric pressure were also obtained. In the statistical analyses, single- and multi-factor Poisson negative binomial regression models were carried out, controlling also for ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure with seasonality set at a level of 4. This study has shown a positive association between CRAO onset and short-term, daily changes in PM 10, NO2, SO2, O3, and CO concentrations, as well as with air temperature, in the days preceding the diagnosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: central retinal artery occlusion; air pollution; pollution emission central retinal artery occlusion; air pollution; pollution emission
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Grzybowski, A.E.; Mimier, M.K. Evaluation of the Association between the Risk of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion and the Concentration of Environmental Air Pollutants. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 206.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Clin. Med. EISSN 2077-0383 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top