Etiology and Measurement of Peri-Implant Crestal Bone Loss (CBL)
Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Science Faculty, University of Bordeaux, 33000 Bordeaux, France
Dental and Periodontal Rehabilitation Unit, Saint Andre Hospital, Bordeaux University Hospital, 33000 Bordeaux, France
Department of Oral Implants, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 803-8580, Japan
Tanpopo Dental Clinic, Nerima ward, Tokyo 178-0062, Japan
Department of NanoEngineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto M5G1G6, ON M5G 1G6, Canada
Materials Science Program, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Private practice, Koka Dental Clinic, San Diego, CA 92111, USA
Advanced Prosthodontics, Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Advanced Prosthodontics, University of California Los Angeles School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 24 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
The etiology of peri-implant crestal bone loss is today better understood and certain factors proposed in the past have turned out to not be of concern. Regardless, the incidence of crestal bone loss remains higher than necessary and this paper reviews current theory on the etiology with a special emphasis on traditional and innovative methods to assess the level of crestal bone around dental implants that will enable greater sensitivity and specificity and significantly reduce variability in bone loss measurement.
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Naveau, A.; Shinmyouzu, K.; Moore, C.; Avivi-Arber, L.; Jokerst, J.; Koka, S. Etiology and Measurement of Peri-Implant Crestal Bone Loss (CBL). J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 166.
Naveau A, Shinmyouzu K, Moore C, Avivi-Arber L, Jokerst J, Koka S. Etiology and Measurement of Peri-Implant Crestal Bone Loss (CBL). Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(2):166.
Naveau, Adrien; Shinmyouzu, Kouhei; Moore, Colman; Avivi-Arber, Limor; Jokerst, Jesse; Koka, Sreenivas. 2019. "Etiology and Measurement of Peri-Implant Crestal Bone Loss (CBL)." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 2: 166.
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