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Open AccessArticle

How to Interpret a Positive Campylobacter PCR Result Using the BD MAXTM System in the Absence of Positive Culture?

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Laboratoire SCHUH, BIO67-BIOSPHERE, 67000 Strasbourg, France
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Laboratoire CBM25, 25000 Besançon, France
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CHU Pellegrin, Laboratoire de Bactériologie, CNR Campylobacters et Hélicobacters, 33076 Bordeaux, France
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INSERM UMR1053 BaRITOn, 33076 Bordeaux, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(12), 2138; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8122138
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Diseases)
The aim of this study was to evaluate, using two independent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) formats, the results of Campylobacter detection by the BD MAXTM Enteric Bacterial Panel PCR (Becton Dickinson, Le Pont de Claix, France) in the absence of positive culture. A total of 77 samples found positive for Campylobacter on BD MAXTM but negative by culture were studied. Upon reception, one in-house real-time-PCR for Campylobacter sp. and a PCR with the RIDAGENE Bacterial Stool Panel (r-biopharm, Darmstadt, Germany) were performed. The data obtained using these two PCR formats were evaluated with respect to the cycle threshold (Ct) and fluorescence intensity values (FI) obtained on BD MAXTM. Ct and FI values were also obtained for 80 positive Campylobacter cases by culture. Among the 77 samples, 33 were positive with the two PCRs, and 37 remained negative. For the 33 double-positive PCRs samples, the Ct values obtained on BD MAXTM were lower than 30 in 93.9%, and FI > 2000 for 97% of cases. For the 37 double-negative PCRs samples, the Ct values obtained on BD MAXTM were <30 in only 18.9%, however FI were >2000 for 40.5% of cases. Positive culture cases had Ct values < 30 in 96.2% and FI > 2000 in 98.8%. We showed that the Ct values obtained on BD MAXTM can help to interpret the results. Almost 96% of the Campylobacter sp. cases detected by culture or with the two reference PCRs positive showed a Ct value on BD MAXTM, meaning that stools detected as positive with BD MAXTM and having a Ct > 30 may be false positives. View Full-Text
Keywords: Campylobacter; culture; molecular diagnosis Campylobacter; culture; molecular diagnosis
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Gueudet, T.; Paolini, M.C.; Buissonnière, A.; Trens, A.; Rousée, J.M.; Lefranc, M.; Bénéjat, L.; Ducournau, A.; Mégraud, F.; Bessède, E.; Lehours, P. How to Interpret a Positive Campylobacter PCR Result Using the BD MAXTM System in the Absence of Positive Culture? J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 2138.

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