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Open AccessReview

Pilates Method Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Movi-Fitness S.L, Universidad de Castilla La-Mancha, 16002 Cuenca, Spain
2
Health and Social Care Center, Universidad de Castilla La-Mancha, 16002 Cuenca, Spain
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Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, Asunción 001518, Paraguay
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Faculty of Physiotherapy and Nursing, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
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Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca 3460000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(11), 1761; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111761
Received: 1 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 23 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cardiovascular Rehabilitation)
Cardiorespiratory fitness has been postulated as an independent predictor of several chronic diseases. We aimed to estimate the effect of Pilates on improving cardiorespiratory fitness and to explore whether this effect could be modified by a participant’s health condition or by baseline VO2 max levels. We searched databases from inception to September 2019. Data were pooled using a random effects model. The Cochrane risk of bias (RoB 2.0) tool and the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies were performed. The primary outcome was cardiorespiratory fitness measured by VO2 max. The search identified 527 potential studies of which 10 studies were included in the systematic review and 9 in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that Pilates increased VO2 max, with an effect size (ES) = 0.57 (95% CI: 0.15–1; I2 = 63.5%, p = 0.018) for the Pilates group vs. the control and ES = 0.51 (95% CI: 0.26–0.76; I2 = 67%, p = 0.002) for Pilates pre-post effect. The estimates of the pooled ES were similar in both sensitivity and subgroup analyses; however, random-effects meta-regressions based on baseline VO2 max were significant. Pilates improves cardiorespiratory fitness regardless of the population’s health status. Therefore, it may be an efficacious alternative for both the healthy population and patients suffering from specific disorders to achieve evidenced-based results from cardiorespiratory and neuromotor exercises. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerobic capacity; cardiac rehabilitation; mind–body; Pilates; cardiorespiratory fitness; VO2 max; adults; prescription of exercise; systematic review; meta-analysis aerobic capacity; cardiac rehabilitation; mind–body; Pilates; cardiorespiratory fitness; VO2 max; adults; prescription of exercise; systematic review; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Rodríguez, R.; Álvarez-Bueno, C.; Ferri-Morales, A.; Torres-Costoso, A.I.; Cavero-Redondo, I.; Martínez-Vizcaíno, V. Pilates Method Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1761.

AMA Style

Fernández-Rodríguez R, Álvarez-Bueno C, Ferri-Morales A, Torres-Costoso AI, Cavero-Redondo I, Martínez-Vizcaíno V. Pilates Method Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(11):1761.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Rodríguez, Rubén; Álvarez-Bueno, Celia; Ferri-Morales, Asunción; Torres-Costoso, Ana I.; Cavero-Redondo, Iván; Martínez-Vizcaíno, Vicente. 2019. "Pilates Method Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 11: 1761.

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