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Open AccessArticle

Intake of Lutein and Zeaxanthin as a Possible Factor Influencing Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Caucasian Individuals with Ulcerative Colitis in Remission Phase

1
Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), 159c Nowoursynowska Street, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Organization and Consumption Economics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), 159c Nowoursynowska Street, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of General, Gastroenterological and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, 1a Banacha Street, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(1), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010077
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Gastroenterology & Hepatopancreatobiliary Medicine)
The vitamin A deficiencies are commonly observed in the case of ulcerative colitis individuals. The decreased antioxidant defence may influence the intestine, inducing higher susceptibility to oxidative damage of tissues and altering the symptoms and course of disease. Intestinal symptoms, ranging from diarrhea to constipation, occur more commonly in remission ulcerative colitis individuals than in general population. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between retinoid intake and gastrointestinal symptoms in Caucasian individuals in the remission phase of ulcerative colitis. Reitnoid (total vitamin A, retinol, β-carotene, α-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin) intakes were analyzed on the basis of three-day dietary records. Gastrointestinal symptoms (daily number of bowel movements, and the presence of painful tenesmus, flatulence, and constipation) were self-reported. The study was conducted in a group of 56 ulcerative colitis remission individuals, stratified by the gastrointestinal symptoms. One in every seven individuals reported recurring constipation. Higher intake of lutein and zeaxanthin (median 1386.2 µg, 289.0–13221.3 µg vs. median 639.0 µg, 432.7–1309.0 µg) may lower the incidence of constipation (p = 0.013). The intake of retinoids other than lutein and zeaxanthin was not associated with the incidence of constipation or other gastrointestinal symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: colitis ulcerosa; gastrointestinal symptoms; constipation; lutein; zeaxanthin colitis ulcerosa; gastrointestinal symptoms; constipation; lutein; zeaxanthin
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Głąbska, D.; Guzek, D.; Zakrzewska, P.; Lech, G. Intake of Lutein and Zeaxanthin as a Possible Factor Influencing Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Caucasian Individuals with Ulcerative Colitis in Remission Phase. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 77.

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