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J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010010

The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress in the Relationship of Self-Efficacy and Work Engagement in Nurses

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, 4780000 Santiago, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 21 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
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Abstract

Positive occupational health psychology (POHP) examines the mechanisms that promote the health and wellbeing of workers, in addition to the risk factors arising from work activity. The aim of this study was to analyse the mediating role of perceived stress in the effect that self-efficacy has on engagement in nurses. The sample was comprised of 1777 currently working nurses. We administered the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), the Perceived Stress Questionnaire and the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Following bivariate correlational analysis, multiple linear regression analysis and simple and multiple mediation analysis, the results showed self-efficacy to be a powerful personal resource that positively predicts employee engagement, although the effect diminishes when there are mediating variables of stress. We found differences in the way the different aspects of stress mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and the engagement dimensions. “Energy–joy” was the strongest mediating variable for all of the engagement dimensions and this, together with “harassment–social acceptance” dampened the effect of self-efficacy on vigour and dedication, whereas “Overload” was only a mediator for dedication. As nurses work in a stressful environment, risk factors arise from work activity, so hospital management should design interventions to enhance their workers’ personal resources and improve personal and organizational wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress perceived; self-efficacy; engagement; work; nursing stress perceived; self-efficacy; engagement; work; nursing
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Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Molero Jurado, M.M.; Barragán Martín, A.B.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Martos Martínez, Á.; Gázquez Linares, J.J. The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress in the Relationship of Self-Efficacy and Work Engagement in Nurses. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 10.

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