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J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(9), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7090275

Association of Pre-Eclampsia with Carotid Artery Intima–Media Thickness and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

1
Department of Radiology, Zanjan University of Medical Science, Zanjan 1467933811, Iran
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zanjan University of Medical Science, Zanjan 1467933811, Iran
3
Department of Universal Council of Epidemiology (UCE), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran 1467933811, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 July 2018 / Revised: 29 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
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Abstract

Atherosclerosis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are considered important complications of pre-eclampsia. This study was conducted to determine the association of pre-eclampsia with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and the association of pre-eclampsia with bilateral intima–media thickness (IMT; right and left), separately. Twenty-one pregnant women with pre-eclampsia and 21 normal pregnant women were enrolled in the present study. The right and left intima–media thicknesses of carotid arteries were evaluated using Doppler sonography. The diagnosis of NAFLD was based on sonography. Linear and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between pre-eclampsia and related outcomes. The mean right IMT was determined as 0.60 ± 0.07 mm in women with pre-eclampsia and 0.51 ± 0.08 mm in normal pregnant women (p = 0.001). On the other hand, the mean left IMT was 0.59 ± 0.09 mm in women with pre-eclampsia and 0.50 ± 0.10 mm in normal pregnant women (p = 0.003). The frequencies of NAFLD in women with pre-eclampsia and normal pregnant women were found to be 66.7% and 23.8% respectively (p = 0.006). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed an association between pre-eclampsia and right (p = 0.014) and left (p = 0.019) IMT, without removing the effects of other confounding variables. Binary regression analysis (multivariate) did not confirm an independent association between pre-eclampsia and NAFLD. Pre-eclampsia exhibited a direct and independent association with right and left IMT. Although the prevalence of NAFLD was significantly higher in women with pre-eclampsia, pre-eclampsia was not an independent predictor for NAFLD. View Full-Text
Keywords: thickness of the intima–media carotid artery; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; pre-eclampsia; pregnant women thickness of the intima–media carotid artery; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; pre-eclampsia; pregnant women
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Memari, B.; Moghiseh, N.; Mohammadian, F.; Ghajarzadeh, M.; Ghoreishian, H. Association of Pre-Eclampsia with Carotid Artery Intima–Media Thickness and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 275.

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