Association of Pre-Eclampsia with Carotid Artery Intima–Media Thickness and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
AbstractAtherosclerosis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are considered important complications of pre-eclampsia. This study was conducted to determine the association of pre-eclampsia with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and the association of pre-eclampsia with bilateral intima–media thickness (IMT; right and left), separately. Twenty-one pregnant women with pre-eclampsia and 21 normal pregnant women were enrolled in the present study. The right and left intima–media thicknesses of carotid arteries were evaluated using Doppler sonography. The diagnosis of NAFLD was based on sonography. Linear and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between pre-eclampsia and related outcomes. The mean right IMT was determined as 0.60 ± 0.07 mm in women with pre-eclampsia and 0.51 ± 0.08 mm in normal pregnant women (p = 0.001). On the other hand, the mean left IMT was 0.59 ± 0.09 mm in women with pre-eclampsia and 0.50 ± 0.10 mm in normal pregnant women (p = 0.003). The frequencies of NAFLD in women with pre-eclampsia and normal pregnant women were found to be 66.7% and 23.8% respectively (p = 0.006). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed an association between pre-eclampsia and right (p = 0.014) and left (p = 0.019) IMT, without removing the effects of other confounding variables. Binary regression analysis (multivariate) did not confirm an independent association between pre-eclampsia and NAFLD. Pre-eclampsia exhibited a direct and independent association with right and left IMT. Although the prevalence of NAFLD was significantly higher in women with pre-eclampsia, pre-eclampsia was not an independent predictor for NAFLD. View Full-Text
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Memari, B.; Moghiseh, N.; Mohammadian, F.; Ghajarzadeh, M.; Ghoreishian, H. Association of Pre-Eclampsia with Carotid Artery Intima–Media Thickness and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 275.
Memari B, Moghiseh N, Mohammadian F, Ghajarzadeh M, Ghoreishian H. Association of Pre-Eclampsia with Carotid Artery Intima–Media Thickness and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2018; 7(9):275.Chicago/Turabian Style
Memari, Behzad; Moghiseh, Niloofar; Mohammadian, Farnaz; Ghajarzadeh, Mahsa; Ghoreishian, Hadi. 2018. "Association of Pre-Eclampsia with Carotid Artery Intima–Media Thickness and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease." J. Clin. Med. 7, no. 9: 275.
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