Body Fatness and Cardiovascular Health in Newborn Infants
AbstractBirth weight is associated with cardiovascular disease, with those at both ends of the spectrum at increased risk. However, birth weight is a crude surrogate of fetal growth. Measures of body composition may more accurately identify high risk infants. We aimed to determine whether aortic wall thickening, cardiac autonomic control, and cardiac structure/function differ in newborns with high or low body fatness compared to those with average body fatness. 189 healthy singleton term born neonates were recruited and stratified by body fat percentiles (sex and gestation-specific). Infants with low body fat had higher aortic intima-media thickness (43 µm (95% confidence interval (CI) 7, 78), p = 0.02), lower heart rate variability (log total power, −0.5 (95% CI −0.8, −0.1), p = 0.008), and thicker ventricular walls (posterior wall thickness, 3.1 mm (95% CI 1.6, 4.6), p < 0.001) compared to infants with average body fatness. Infants with high body fat showed no differences in aortic intima-media thickness (−2 µm (95% CI −37, 33), p = 0.91) or cardiac structure compared to average body fatness, although stroke volume (−0.3 mL/kg (95% CI −0.6, −0.0), p = 0.003) and heart rate variability were lower (log total power, −0.8 (95% CI −1.1, −0.5), p < 0.001). The non-linear association of body fatness with heart rate variability was independent of birth weight. Infants born with low or high body fat have altered markers of cardiovascular health. Assessment of body fatness alongside birth weight may assist in identifying high risk individuals. View Full-Text
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Dissanayake, H.U.; McMullan, R.L.; Kong, Y.; Caterson, I.D.; Celermajer, D.S.; Phang, M.; Raynes-Greenow, C.; Polson, J.W.; Gordon, A.; Skilton, M.R. Body Fatness and Cardiovascular Health in Newborn Infants. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 270.
Dissanayake HU, McMullan RL, Kong Y, Caterson ID, Celermajer DS, Phang M, Raynes-Greenow C, Polson JW, Gordon A, Skilton MR. Body Fatness and Cardiovascular Health in Newborn Infants. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2018; 7(9):270.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dissanayake, Hasthi U.; McMullan, Rowena L.; Kong, Yang; Caterson, Ian D.; Celermajer, David S.; Phang, Melinda; Raynes-Greenow, Camille; Polson, Jaimie W.; Gordon, Adrienne; Skilton, Michael R. 2018. "Body Fatness and Cardiovascular Health in Newborn Infants." J. Clin. Med. 7, no. 9: 270.
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