This study aimed to describe the experiences of nurses in hemodialysis care. In this phenomenological study, purposive sampling began and continued until data saturation. The research environment was the Hemodialysis unit. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Finally, two main classes and four sub-classes were identified, including factors effective on care (inhibitors and facilitators) and care outcomes (the negative effects of care on the nurse and the positive effects of care on the patient), and “challenging care” as the main theme. As the results show, nurses suffer from several physical and mental harm, and this harm even extends to their family environment, and their families are indirectly affected by the negative effects of this care. Therefore, strengthening management approaches to eliminate the inhibitor factors is essential in order to prevent nurses’ burnout or quitting while improving the quality of care provided by them.
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