Ultrasound Imaging for the Cutaneous Nerves of the Extremities and Relevant Entrapment Syndromes: From Anatomy to Clinical Implications
AbstractCutaneous nerve entrapment plays an important role in neuropathic pain syndrome. Due to the advancement of ultrasound technology, the cutaneous nerves can be visualized by high-resolution ultrasound. As the cutaneous nerves course superficially in the subcutaneous layer, they are vulnerable to entrapment or collateral damage in traumatic insults. Scanning of the cutaneous nerves is challenging due to fewer anatomic landmarks for referencing. Therefore, the aim of the present article is to summarize the anatomy of the limb cutaneous nerves, to elaborate the scanning techniques, and also to discuss the clinical implications of pertinent entrapment syndromes of the medial brachial cutaneous nerve, intercostobrachial cutaneous nerve, medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve, lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve, posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve, superficial branch of the radial nerve, dorsal cutaneous branch of the ulnar nerve, palmar cutaneous branch of the median nerve, anterior femoral cutaneous nerve, posterior femoral cutaneous nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, sural nerve, and saphenous nerve. View Full-Text
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Supplementary Files (DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1493097)
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Description: Supplementary Materials: Video S1: Medial Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Video S2: Intercostobrachial Cutaneous Nerve Video S3: Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve Video S4: Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve Video S5: Posterior Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve Video S6: Superficial Branch of the Radial Nerve Video S7: Dorsal Cutaneous Branch of the Ulnar Nerve Video S8: Palmar Cutaneous Branch of the Median Nerve Video S9: Anterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Video S10: Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Video S11: Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Video S12: Medial Sural Cutaneous Nerve Video S13: Lateral Sural Cutaneous Nerve Video S14: Sural Nerve Video S15: Saphenous Nerve
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Chang, K.-V.; Mezian, K.; Naňka, O.; Wu, W.-T.; Lou, Y.-M.; Wang, J.-C.; Martinoli, C.; Özçakar, L. Ultrasound Imaging for the Cutaneous Nerves of the Extremities and Relevant Entrapment Syndromes: From Anatomy to Clinical Implications. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 457.
Chang K-V, Mezian K, Naňka O, Wu W-T, Lou Y-M, Wang J-C, Martinoli C, Özçakar L. Ultrasound Imaging for the Cutaneous Nerves of the Extremities and Relevant Entrapment Syndromes: From Anatomy to Clinical Implications. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2018; 7(11):457.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chang, Ke-Vin; Mezian, Kamal; Naňka, Ondřej; Wu, Wei-Ting; Lou, Yueh-Ming; Wang, Jia-Chi; Martinoli, Carlo; Özçakar, Levent. 2018. "Ultrasound Imaging for the Cutaneous Nerves of the Extremities and Relevant Entrapment Syndromes: From Anatomy to Clinical Implications." J. Clin. Med. 7, no. 11: 457.
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