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Article

Remote Assessment of Quality of Life and Functional Exercise Capacity in a Cohort of COVID-19 Patients One Year after Hospitalization (TELECOVID)

1
Physiotherapy Department, Le Havre Hospital, F-76600 Le Havre, France
2
Pulmonology Department, Le Havre Hospital, F-76600 Le Havre, France
3
Saint Michel School of Physiotherapy, Paris-Saclay University, F-75015 Paris, France
4
Research and Clinical Experimentation Institute (IREC), Pulmonology, ORL and Dermatology, Louvain Catholic University, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
5
Erphan, UVSQ, Paris-Saclay University, F-78000 Versailles, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ursula Werneke
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(4), 905; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11040905
Received: 14 December 2021 / Revised: 4 February 2022 / Accepted: 7 February 2022 / Published: 9 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Studies have reported persistent symptoms in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 up to 6 months post-discharge; however, sequalae beyond 6 months are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the clinical status of COVID-19 patients one year after hospital discharge and describe the factors related to poor outcomes. We conducted a single-center, prospective, cohort study of patients in Le Havre hospital (France) between 1 March 2020 and 11 May 2020. Baseline characteristics were collected from medical charts (including KATZ index and Clinical Frailty scale (CFS)), and a remote assessment was conducted 12 months after discharge. The main outcomes were the scores of the physical and mental components (PCS and MCS) of the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) and performance on the one-minute sit-to-stand test (STST1′). Scores <50% of the predicted values were considered as poor, and univariate and multivariate analyses were undertaken to investigate factors related to poor outcomes. Remote assessment was performed for 128 of the 157 (82%) eligible patients. Twenty-two patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), 45 to the intermediate care unit (IU), and 61 to the general ward (GW). Patients who spent time in ICU were more independent and younger. A large proportion of the sample had poor physical (30%) and mental health (27%) and a poor functional exercise capacity (33%) at the remote assessment. Higher levels of frailty at admission and hospital discharge were, respectively, associated with a higher risk of poor functional exercise capacity (StdOR 3.64 (95%CI 1.39–10.72); p = 0.01) and a higher risk of poor mental health (StdOR 2.81 (95%CI 1.17–7.45); p = 0.03). Long-term outcomes following hospitalization for COVID-19 infection may be negative for at least one year after discharge. Remote follow-up assessment could be highly beneficial for COVID-19 patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; functional exercise capacity; health-related quality of life; remote assessment COVID-19; functional exercise capacity; health-related quality of life; remote assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Combret, Y.; Kerné, G.; Pholoppe, F.; Tonneville, B.; Plate, L.; Marques, M.-H.; Brunel, H.; Prieur, G.; Medrinal, C. Remote Assessment of Quality of Life and Functional Exercise Capacity in a Cohort of COVID-19 Patients One Year after Hospitalization (TELECOVID). J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 905. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11040905

AMA Style

Combret Y, Kerné G, Pholoppe F, Tonneville B, Plate L, Marques M-H, Brunel H, Prieur G, Medrinal C. Remote Assessment of Quality of Life and Functional Exercise Capacity in a Cohort of COVID-19 Patients One Year after Hospitalization (TELECOVID). Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(4):905. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11040905

Chicago/Turabian Style

Combret, Yann, Geoffrey Kerné, Flore Pholoppe, Benjamin Tonneville, Laure Plate, Marie-Hélène Marques, Helena Brunel, Guillaume Prieur, and Clément Medrinal. 2022. "Remote Assessment of Quality of Life and Functional Exercise Capacity in a Cohort of COVID-19 Patients One Year after Hospitalization (TELECOVID)" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 4: 905. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11040905

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