Visual Thinking Strategies as a Tool for Reducing Burnout and Improving Skills in Healthcare Workers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Study
- What is going on in this picture?
- What do you see that makes you say that?
- What more can we find?
2. Materials and Methods
- Health-related quality of life, using the SF12 questionnaire, which enabled the calculation of Mental Composite Score (MCS) and Physical Composite Score (PCS).
- Positivity, using Caprara’s Positivity scale.
- Burnout, using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, which allowed the following scores to be calculated: Personal burnout, Work burnout, Client burnout.
- observational skills: the median differs to be 0 for the control group and 1 for the intervention group, with a maximum of 4;
- language expression: where for the control group the median is 0, for the intervention group it is 1, with a maximum of 4;
- problem solving: similar to the other two, the control group is 0, while the intervention group maximum was 1.
- observational skills: 0 for the control group and 1 for the intervention group with a maximum of 3;
- language expression: 0 for the control group and 1 for the intervention group with a maximum of 3;
- problem solving: maintains the same median of 0, however, has a maximum 3 for the intervention group.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Number, Mean (SD)
Number, Mean (SD)
|Age||25.1 (2.7)||25.0 (2.6)|
|Delta Critical thinking||0 (−1–1)||0 (−2–2)||0.044|
|Delta Observation skills|
|0 (−1–1)||1 (−1–4)||0.006|
|Delta Linguistic expression||0 (−1–1)||1 (−3–4)||0.009|
|Delta Word count||−11 (−20–6)||6 (−43–48)||0.081|
|Delta Problem solving||0 (−1–1)||1 (−2–4)||0.008|
|Delta Identified elements||−1.5 (−5–2)||1 (−4–7)||0.007|
|Total score artistic image||−1.5 (−4–4)||3 (−6–14)||0.002|
|Control Group |
|Intervention Group |
|Delta Critical thinking||0 (−1–1)||1 (−1–3)||0.162|
|Delta Observation skills |
|0 (−1–1)||1 (−1–4)||0.007|
|Delta Linguistic expression||0 (−1–2)||1 (−1–3)||0.028|
|Delta Word count||0.5 (−23–8)||9 (−37–64)||0.081|
|Delta Problem solving||0 (−1–1)||0 (−1–3)||0.028|
|Delta Identified elements||−0.5 (−1–3)||1 (−2–7)||0.107|
|Total score clinical image||0 (−4–2)||2 (−2–12)||0.025|
|Control Group||Internvention |
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Ferrara, V.; Shaholli, D.; Iovino, A.; Cavallino, S.; Colizzi, M.A.; Della Rocca, C.; La Torre, G. Visual Thinking Strategies as a Tool for Reducing Burnout and Improving Skills in Healthcare Workers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Study. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 7501. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11247501
Ferrara V, Shaholli D, Iovino A, Cavallino S, Colizzi MA, Della Rocca C, La Torre G. Visual Thinking Strategies as a Tool for Reducing Burnout and Improving Skills in Healthcare Workers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(24):7501. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11247501Chicago/Turabian Style
Ferrara, Vincenza, David Shaholli, Antonio Iovino, Sabrina Cavallino, Marina Andrea Colizzi, Carlo Della Rocca, and Giuseppe La Torre. 2022. "Visual Thinking Strategies as a Tool for Reducing Burnout and Improving Skills in Healthcare Workers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 24: 7501. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11247501