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Association of Self-Reported Functional Limitations among a National Community-Based Sample of Older United States Adults with Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(9), 1836; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091836
Received: 10 March 2021 / Revised: 20 April 2021 / Accepted: 21 April 2021 / Published: 23 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
The characteristics of self-reported functional limitations among older United States (US) adults with pain are currently unknown. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the characteristics associated with functional limitations among non-institutionalized older (≥50 years) US adults with pain using 2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data. Eligible subjects were alive for the calendar year, aged ≥50 years, and experienced pain within the past four weeks. Hierarchical logistic regression models were utilized to determine significant characteristics associated with functional limitations (outcome variable; yes, no). Functional limitations included difficulty with bending, stooping, climbing stairs, grasping objects, lifting, reaching overhead, standing for long periods of time, or walking. Extrapolation of national data values was possible by adjusting for the complex MEPS design. We found approximately 22 million of the 57 million older US adults (≥50 years) who reported pain had a functional limitation in 2017. Characteristics associated with functional limitations included: gender, race, ethnicity, employment status, marital status, pain intensity, physical health, number of chronic conditions, and frequent exercise status. Knowledge of characteristics associated with functional limitations may provide an opportunity to identify and resolve gaps in patient care among this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; pain; functional limitation older adults; pain; functional limitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Axon, D.R.; Le, D. Association of Self-Reported Functional Limitations among a National Community-Based Sample of Older United States Adults with Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 1836. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091836

AMA Style

Axon DR, Le D. Association of Self-Reported Functional Limitations among a National Community-Based Sample of Older United States Adults with Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(9):1836. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091836

Chicago/Turabian Style

Axon, David R., and Darlena Le. 2021. "Association of Self-Reported Functional Limitations among a National Community-Based Sample of Older United States Adults with Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 9: 1836. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091836

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