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Article

Knowledge and Management of Halitosis in France and Lebanon: A Questionnaire-Based Study

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Department of Periodontology, Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire, Université de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
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Periodontology, Pôle de Médecine et Chirurgie Bucco-Dentaire, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
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Groupe de Méthodes en Recherche Clinique, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
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INSERM 1260 Regenerative Nanomedicine Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (FMTS), 67000 Strasbourg, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul R. Cooper and Marja L. Laine
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(3), 502; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030502
Received: 20 November 2020 / Revised: 10 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 1 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breath Odor and Oral Cavity)
Halitosis is a growing issue and its management is highly challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and treatment strategies used by French (FD) and Lebanese (LD) dentists. A self-administered structured questionnaire was sent to FD and LD comprising questions about professional characteristics, management, and treatment of halitosis, patients’ referral, and halitosis-related knowledge. A multivariate analysis was conducted to determine differences between FD and LD and to identify parameters that could influence dentists’ management of halitosis. The questionnaire was filled out by 156 FD and 257 LD. Among them, 78.8% of FD and 68.9% of LD were confronted with halitosis management, while only a few routinely asked their patients about halitosis (16% FD, 13.2% LD). Regarding anamnesis, oral hygiene habits were more investigated by FD than LD (p < 0.05). The overall treatment satisfaction was low with 39.7% of FD and 28.4% of LD considering their treatment effective. Regarding halitosis-related knowledge, extra-oral causes were overestimated in both populations. FD (83.4%) and LD (65.8%) considered their education regarding halitosis as insufficient. This study highlights the need of professional education in both countries, targeting proper diagnosis and treatment strategies of halitosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: halitosis; oral malodor; oral breath; diagnosis; treatment; questionnaire halitosis; oral malodor; oral breath; diagnosis; treatment; questionnaire
MDPI and ACS Style

Harmouche, L.; Reingewirtz, Y.; Tuzin, N.; Lefebvre, F.; Davideau, J.-L.; Huck, O. Knowledge and Management of Halitosis in France and Lebanon: A Questionnaire-Based Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 502. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030502

AMA Style

Harmouche L, Reingewirtz Y, Tuzin N, Lefebvre F, Davideau J-L, Huck O. Knowledge and Management of Halitosis in France and Lebanon: A Questionnaire-Based Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(3):502. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030502

Chicago/Turabian Style

Harmouche, Laetitia, Yves Reingewirtz, Nicolas Tuzin, François Lefebvre, Jean-Luc Davideau, and Olivier Huck. 2021. "Knowledge and Management of Halitosis in France and Lebanon: A Questionnaire-Based Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 3: 502. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030502

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