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Relationship between Clinical Symptoms and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) Patients Utilizing the Piper MRI Diagnostic System

1
Tor Tegnander Dental Clinic, Tollbugata 10, 8006 Bodø, Norway
2
Department of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 18A Street, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
3
Division of Internal Medicine, Nordland Hospital, Parkveien 95, 8092 Bodø, Norway
4
Polish-Norwegian Medical Consultants, ul. Mickiewicza 5, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juhani Leppäluoto
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(20), 4698; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10204698
Received: 1 September 2021 / Revised: 7 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Clinical problems of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the masticatory musculature are both included in the term temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The purpose of the present study was to examine the pathology of the joints of patients diagnosed with TMD utilizing the dedicated Piper MRI-based classification, and to link these pathologies with various symptoms while considering their severity. In total, 64 patients with clinical TMD were examined. Symptoms were recorded using a questionnaire. The clinical examination included diagnosing the occlusion in centric relation, which was followed by a standardized MRI. It was confirmed that, although they occurred in a high percentage in all classes, muscle pain and occlusal interference are not indicators of TMJ damage. The results indicate that the progressive degradation of the TMJ, represented by qualification to the higher Piper classes, is associated with an increase in TMJ pain only up to a certain stage. For the highest Piper classes, the joint pain occurs in a smaller percentage of patients, but sounds are more frequent. View Full-Text
Keywords: temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular disorders; symptoms; pain; Piper MRI diagnostic system temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular disorders; symptoms; pain; Piper MRI diagnostic system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tegnander, T.; Chladek, G.; Hovland, A.; Żmudzki, J.; Wojtek, P. Relationship between Clinical Symptoms and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) Patients Utilizing the Piper MRI Diagnostic System. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4698. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10204698

AMA Style

Tegnander T, Chladek G, Hovland A, Żmudzki J, Wojtek P. Relationship between Clinical Symptoms and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) Patients Utilizing the Piper MRI Diagnostic System. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(20):4698. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10204698

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tegnander, Tor, Grzegorz Chladek, Anders Hovland, Jarosław Żmudzki, and Piotr Wojtek. 2021. "Relationship between Clinical Symptoms and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) Patients Utilizing the Piper MRI Diagnostic System" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 20: 4698. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10204698

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