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Review

Effects of Neurofeedback in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review

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San Cecilio Clinical University Hospital, Andalusian Health Service, Avenida del Conocimiento, s/n, 18016 Granada, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida de la Ilustración, 60, 18016 Granada, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Calle Cortadura del Valle S.N., 51001 Ceuta, Spain
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Casería de Montijo Health Center, Granada Metropolitan District, Andalusian Health Service, Calle Virgen de la Consolación, 12, 18015 Granada, Spain
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Department of Statistics and Operational Research, University of Granada. Av. Fuentenueva, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lindsay A. Farrer
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(17), 3797; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10173797
Received: 27 June 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Neurology)
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequent neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood and adolescence. Choosing the right treatment is critical to controlling and improving symptoms. An innovative ADHD treatment is neurofeedback (NF) that trains participants to self-regulate brain activity. The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of NF interventions in children with ADHD. A systematic review was carried out in the CINAHL, Medline (PubMed), Proquest, and Scopus databases, following the PRISMA recommendations. Nine articles were found. The NF improved behavior, allowed greater control of impulsivity, and increased sustained attention. In addition, it improved motor control, bimanual coordination and was associated with a reduction in theta waves. NF combined with other interventions such as medication, physical activity, behavioral therapy training, or attention training with brain–computer interaction, reduced primary ADHD symptoms. Furthermore, more randomized controlled trials would be necessary to determine the significant effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; child; neurofeedback; treatment attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; child; neurofeedback; treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sampedro Baena, L.; Fuente, G.A.C.-D.l.; Martos-Cabrera, M.B.; Gómez-Urquiza, J.L.; Albendín-García, L.; Romero-Bejar, J.L.; Suleiman-Martos, N. Effects of Neurofeedback in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 3797. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10173797

AMA Style

Sampedro Baena L, Fuente GAC-Dl, Martos-Cabrera MB, Gómez-Urquiza JL, Albendín-García L, Romero-Bejar JL, Suleiman-Martos N. Effects of Neurofeedback in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(17):3797. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10173797

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sampedro Baena, Lucía, Guillermo A.C.-D.l. Fuente, María B. Martos-Cabrera, José L. Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín-García, José L. Romero-Bejar, and Nora Suleiman-Martos. 2021. "Effects of Neurofeedback in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 17: 3797. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10173797

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