The effect of talc addition on the morphology of capillary membranes formed by a thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) method was investigated in the presented work. The usability of such formed membranes for membrane distillation was evaluated. Two types of commercial capillary polypropylene membranes, fabricated for microfiltration process, were applied in the studies. A linear arrangement of polymer chains was obtained in the walls of membranes formed without a talc addition. In the case of membranes blended with talc, the linear structure was disordered, and a more porous structure was obtained. The changes in morphology enhanced the mechanical properties of blended membranes, and their lower thermal degradation was observed during 350 h of membrane distillation studies. Long-term studies confirmed the stability of talc dispersion in the membrane matrix. A leaching of talc from polypropylene (PP) membranes was not found during the membrane distillation (MD) process.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited