Flow-through electrodialysis membrane cells are widely used in water purification and the processing of agricultural products (milk, wine, etc.). In the research and operating practice of such systems, a significant place is occupied by a galvanodynamic (or galvanostatic) mode. 2D mathematical modelling of ion transfer in the galvanodynamic mode requires solving the problem of setting the average current density equal to a certain value, while the current density distribution in the system is uneven. This article develops a 2D mathematical model of the overlimiting transfer enhanced by electroconvection in a flow-through electrodialysis cell in the galvanodynamic mode. The model is based on the system of Navier–Stokes, Nernst–Planck, Poisson equations and equations for the electric current stream function. To set the electric mode we use a boundary condition, relating the electric field strength and current density. This approach allows us to describe the formation of the extended space charge region and development of electroconvection at overlimiting currents. For the first time, chronopotentiograms and current–voltage characteristics of the membrane systems are calculated for the galvanodynamic mode taking into account the forced flow and development of electroconvection. The behaviors of the calculated chronopotentiograms and current–voltage characteristic coincide qualitatively with experimental data. The effects of the electrolyte concentration, forced flow velocity and channel size on the mass transfer at overlimiting currents are estimated.
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