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Review

Dimensional Nanofillers in Mixed Matrix Membranes for Pervaporation Separations: A Review

1
Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities, Victoria University, P.O. Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC 8001, Australia
2
CSIRO Manufacturing, Private bag 10, Clayton South, VIC 3169, Australia
3
State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes, Institute of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membranes 2020, 10(9), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes10090193
Received: 26 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 18 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
Pervaporation (PV) has been an intriguing membrane technology for separating liquid mixtures since its commercialization in the 1980s. The design of highly permselective materials used in this respect has made significant improvements in separation properties, such as selectivity, permeability, and long-term stability. Mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs), featuring inorganic fillers dispersed in a polymer matrix to form an organic–inorganic hybrid, have opened up a new avenue to facilely obtain high-performance PV membranes. The combination of inorganic fillers in a polymer matrix endows high flexibility in designing the required separation properties of the membranes, in which various fillers provide specific functions correlated to the separation process. This review discusses recent advances in the use of nanofillers in PV MMMs categorized by dimensions including zero-, one-, two- and three-dimensional nanomaterials. Furthermore, the impact of the nanofillers on the polymer matrix is described to provide in-depth understanding of the structure–performance relationship. Finally, the applications of nanofillers in MMMs for PV separation are summarized. View Full-Text
Keywords: pervaporation; nanofiller; polymer; solvent dehydration; desalination; solvent recovery pervaporation; nanofiller; polymer; solvent dehydration; desalination; solvent recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, G.; Xie, Z.; Cran, M.; Wu, C.; Gray, S. Dimensional Nanofillers in Mixed Matrix Membranes for Pervaporation Separations: A Review. Membranes 2020, 10, 193. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes10090193

AMA Style

Yang G, Xie Z, Cran M, Wu C, Gray S. Dimensional Nanofillers in Mixed Matrix Membranes for Pervaporation Separations: A Review. Membranes. 2020; 10(9):193. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes10090193

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Guang, Zongli Xie, Marlene Cran, Chunrui Wu, and Stephen Gray. 2020. "Dimensional Nanofillers in Mixed Matrix Membranes for Pervaporation Separations: A Review" Membranes 10, no. 9: 193. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes10090193

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