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Finding Children with High Risk of Non-Vaccination in 92 Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Decision Tree Approach

International Center for Equity in Health, Federal University of Pelotas, Marechal Deodoro, 1160, Pelotas 96020-220, Brazil
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Academic Editor: Ralph A. Tripp
Vaccines 2021, 9(6), 646; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060646
Received: 14 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 10 June 2021 / Published: 13 June 2021
Reducing vaccination inequalities is a key goal of the Immunization Agenda 2030. Our main objective was to identify high-risk groups of children who received no vaccines (zero-dose children). A decision tree approach was used for 92 low- and middle-income countries using data from Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, allowing the identification of groups of children aged 12–23 months at high risk of being zero dose (no doses of the four basic vaccines—BCG, polio, DPT and measles). Three high-risk groups were identified in the analysis combining all countries. The group with the highest zero-dose prevalence (42%) included 4% of all children, but almost one in every four zero-dose children in the sample. It included children whose mothers did not receive the tetanus vaccine during and before the pregnancy, who had no antenatal care visits and who did not deliver in a health facility. Separate analyses by country presented similar results. Children who have been missed by vaccination services were also left out by other primary health care interventions, especially those related to antenatal and delivery care. There is an opportunity for better integration among services in order to achieve high and equitable immunization coverage. View Full-Text
Keywords: vaccination; immunization; prenatal care; decision trees vaccination; immunization; prenatal care; decision trees
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santos, T.M.; Cata-Preta, B.O.; Victora, C.G.; Barros, A.J.D. Finding Children with High Risk of Non-Vaccination in 92 Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Decision Tree Approach. Vaccines 2021, 9, 646. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060646

AMA Style

Santos TM, Cata-Preta BO, Victora CG, Barros AJD. Finding Children with High Risk of Non-Vaccination in 92 Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Decision Tree Approach. Vaccines. 2021; 9(6):646. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060646

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santos, Thiago M., Bianca O. Cata-Preta, Cesar G. Victora, and Aluisio J.D. Barros 2021. "Finding Children with High Risk of Non-Vaccination in 92 Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Decision Tree Approach" Vaccines 9, no. 6: 646. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060646

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